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Heart Disease and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders

National data related to heart disease for Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders is not available at this time for many conditions and risk factors. Local data from states with high populations of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders may be useful in illustrating disparities among certain populations. Heart-related health issues vary among various Asian and Pacific Islander sub-populations.

  • In Hawaii, Native Hawaiians are 1.7 times more likely (70 percent more likely) to die from heart disease than whites.
  • In 2014, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders were 10 percent more likely to be diagnosed with coronary heart disease than non-Hispanic whites.

At a glance – Diagnosed Cases of Coronary Heart Disease:

Age-adjusted percentages of coronary heart disease among persons 18 years of age and over, 2014

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

Non-Hispanic White

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander / Non-Hispanic White Ratio

6.0

5.7

1.1

Source: CDC, 2017. Selected Health Conditions Among Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Adults: United States, 2014. Figure 2
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db277.pdf [PDF | 333KB]
Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm [PDF | 333KB]

At a glance – Death Rate:

  • No national data available at this time.

A report from the state of Hawaii, a state with a high percentage of Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander residents, reveals some relevant facts:

Mortality Rate for Major Cardiovascular Diseases, Hawaii 2005

 

Population

Population / White Ratio

White

180.9

--

Filipino

396.3

2.2

Japanese

180.3

1.0

Native Hawaiian

313.1

1.7

Source: State of Hawaii, 2007. The Burden of Cardiovascular Disease in Hawaii 2007. Figure 3.
http://health.hawaii.gov/brfss/files/2013/11/TheBurdenofCVD.pdf [PDF | 892KB]

 

Prevalence of Adults who Reported a History of Myocardial Infarction (MI), BRFSS, Hawaii 2005

 

Population

Population / White Ratio

White

4.0

--

Filipino

2.7

0.7

Japanese

3.5

0.9

Native Hawaiian

4.4

1.1

Source: State of Hawaii, 2007. The Burden of Cardiovascular Disease in Hawaii 2007. Table 3.
http://health.hawaii.gov/brfss/files/2013/11/TheBurdenofCVD.pdf [PDF | 892KB]

At a Glance – Risk Factors:

  • There are several risk factors related to heart disease. Some of these risk factors are:
Obesity and Overweight - See Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders and Obesity.

Hypertension

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have high blood pressure, 2012

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

Non-Hispanic White

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander / Non-Hispanic White Ratio

36.5

23.4

1.6

Source: CDC, 2014. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2012. Table 2
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_260.pdf [PDF | 3.5MB]

 

Cigarette Smoking

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are current cigarette smokers, 2012

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

Non-Hispanic White

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander / Non-Hispanic White Ratio

20.1*

20.6

1.0

Source: CDC, 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 25
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]

Percentage of Adult Smoking, BRFSS Hawaii 2011

 

Population

Population / White Ratio

White

17.8

--

Filipino

12.4

0.7

Japanese

11.7

0.7

Native Hawaiian

26.8

1.8

Source: State of Hawaii, 2015. Hawaii Health Data Warehouse.
http://www.hhdw.org/cms/index.php?page=tobacco-use Exit Disclaimer

 

At a glance – United States Territories:

Age-Adjusted Heart Disease Death Rates per 100,000 (2010)

 

Territory

Non-Hispanic White (U.S. National)

Guam / Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Guam

176.5

171.8

1.0

American Samoa

62.1

171.8

0.4

Northern Marianas

74.3

171.8

0.4

Source: CDC, 2012. National Vital Statistics Report. Vol. 61, Num 04 Table 19.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_04.pdf [PDF | 3MB]

 

*Estimates are considered unreliable. Data shown have a relative standard error of greater that 30%.

Last Modified: 8/15/2017 2:19:00 PM