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Asthma and Hispanic Americans

  • In 2015, 2.2 million Hispanics reported that they currently have asthma.
  • Puerto Rican Americans have almost twice the asthma rate as compared to the overall Hispanic population.
  • Hispanics are twice as likely to visit the emergency department for asthma, as compared to non-Hispanic whites.
  • Puerto Rican children are twice as likely to have asthma, as compared to non-Hispanic whites.
  • Hispanic children are twice as likely to die from asthma, as compared to non-Hispanic whites.
  • While all of the causes of asthma remain unclear, children exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke exposure are at increased risk for acute lower respiratory tract infections, such as bronchitis. Children living below or near the poverty level are more likely to have high levels of blood cotinine, a breakdown product of nicotine, than children living in higher income families.

 

Diagnosed

Current asthma prevalence percentage, adults ages 18 and over, 2015

 
Population
Non-Hispanic White
Population / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
All Hispanic
5.9
7.9
0.7
Puerto Rican
13.6
7.9
1.7
Mexican
5.3
7.9
0.7

Source: CDC 2017. National Health Interview Survey Data 2015. Table 4-1
http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/nhis/2015/table4-1.htm

 

Percentage of asthma among persons 18 years of age and over, ever being told they had asthma, 2015

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Men
8.4
11.7
0.7
Women
12.1
15.2
0.8
Both Sexes
10.3
13.5
0.8

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table A-2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Percent of current asthma prevalence, adults ages 18 years and over, 2015

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Men
4.2
5.6
0.8
Women
7.6
10.2
0.7
Both Sexes
5.9
7.8
0.7

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table A-2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Death Rate

Deaths per 100,000, with asthma as the underlying cause, National Vital Statistics System, 2013

Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
0.8
0.9
0.9

Source:  CDC 2016. Deaths: Final Data for 2014. Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr65/nvsr65_04.pdf [PDF | 4.38MB]

 

Rate of asthma deaths per 100,000 population, 2003

 
Population
Non-Hispanic White
Population / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Total Hispanic
1.3
1.1
1.2
Puerto Rican
4.4
1.1
4.0
Mexican
0.8
1.1
0.7

Source:  CDC 2006. Health E-Stats. Asthma Prevalence, Health Care Use and Mortality: United States, 2003-05. Figure 7.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hestat/asthma03-05/asthma03-05.htm

 

Treatment:

Estimated rate of emergency department visits with asthma as the first listed diagnosis per 10,000 population, National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 2009

Hispanic
White
Hispanic/White Ratio
13.3
6.4
2.1

Source: CDC 2012. National Surveillance for Asthma - United States, 2001-2010. Table 14
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_03/sr03_035.pdf [PDF | 910.46KB]

 

Hospital admissions rate for asthma, adults age 18 to ocer 39, United States, 2013

Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
35.9
39.3
0.9

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 5_4_1_7_1.2a [Accessed 03/01/2017]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

 

People with current asthma who are now taking preventive medicine daily or almost daily, United States, 2012

Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
16.1
222.6
0.7

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 2_9_3_1_1.1 [Accessed 04/28/2016]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

 

Children

Age-adjusted percentages for children under 18 years of age, ever being told they had asthma, 2015

 
Population
Non-Hispanic White
Population/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Hispanic
12.7
11.7
1.1
Mexican
11.7
11.7
1.0

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table C-1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Age-adjusted percentages for children under 18 years of age, who currently have asthma, 2015

 
Population
Non-Hispanic White
Population/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Hispanic
8.0
7.3
1.1
Mexican
7.3
7.3
1.0

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table C-1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Current asthma prevalence percentage, children ages 18 and under, 2015

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Boys
8.8
8.7
1.0
Girls
7.1
6.0
1.2
Both Sexes
8.0
7.4
1.1

Source: CDC 2017. National Health Interview Survey Data 2015 Table 4-1
http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/nhis/2015/table4-1.htm

 

Current asthma prevalence percentage, children ages 18 and under, 2015

 
Population
Non-Hispanic White
Population / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Hispanic
8.0
7.4
1.1
Puerto Rican
13.9
7.4
1.9
Mexican
7.3
7.4
1.0

Source: CDC 2017. National Health Interview Survey Data 2015. Table 4-1
http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/nhis/2015/table4-1.htm

 

Hospital admissions rate for asthma, children ages 2-17, United States, 2013

Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
102.9
60.9
1.7

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 5_4_1_7_2.2a [Accessed 03/01/2017]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

 

Death rates for children 0–17 years of age, 2003-2005 (deaths per 1,000,000)

Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
1.8
1.3
1.4

Source:  CDC 2006. The State of Childhood Asthma, United States, 1980–2005. Table B.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ad/ad381.pdf [PDF | 365KB]

 

Death rates for children 0-17 years of age, 2012-2014 (deaths per 1,000,000)

Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
0.2
0.1
2.0

Source: CDC 2016. Health Data Interactive [Accessed 04/28/2016]
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/hdi.htm

 

The proportional impact of asthma prevalence, health care use and mortality among children 0–17 years of age, by race and ethnicity, United States, 2003–2004

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Current prevalence (2004-2005)
90%
92%
1.0
Emergency department visit rate
109%
66%
1.7
Death rate
69%
50%
1.4

Source: CDC 2006. The State of Childhood Asthma, United States, 1980–2005. Table VIII.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ad/ad381.pdf [PDF | 365KB]

Last Modified: 3/13/2017 2:21:00 PM