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Obesity and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders

  • Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders were three times more likely to be obese than the overall Asian American population in 2015.
  • Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders were 20 percent more likely to be obese than non-Hispanic whites in 2015.
  • Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander adolescents were 50 percent more likely to be overweight as compared to white adolescents in 2013.
  • A 2014 survey on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders (NHPI), revealed that NHPI sub-populations all had higher obesity rates than both Asian Americans and whites.
  • In 2014, Samoans were 5.6 times more likely to be obese as compared to the overall Asian American population.

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are overweight but not obese, 2015. (Persons are considered overweight if they have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 25 or greater.)

Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders
Non-Hispanic White
NHOPI/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
26.8
32.9
0.8

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table A-15
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are obese, 2015. (Persons are considered obese if they have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or greater.)

Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders
Non-Hispanic White
NHOPI/ Non-Hispanic White
34.6
28.5
1.2

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table A-15
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

Age-adjusted percentages of body mass index among adults aged 18 and over, single-race, overweight but not obese, 2014

Population

Overweight

Ratio Overweight / All Asian Population

Ratio Overweight / Whites

All Whites

35.0

1.2

--

All Asians

28.6

--

0.8

All NHPI

31.6

1.1

0.9

Native Hawaiian

30.8

1.1

0.9

Pacific Islander

32.9

1.2

0.9

Samoan

28.2

1.0

0.8

Guamanian/Chamorro

34.7

1.2

1.0

Other Pacific Islander

37.8

1.3

1.1

Source:  CDC, 2015. Health Conditions and Behaviors of Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Persons in the United States, 2014. Table 2.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_03/sr03_040.pdf [PDF | 2.43MB]

Age-adjusted percentages of body mass index among adults aged 18 and over, single-race, obese, 2014

Population

Obese

Ratio Obese / All Asian Population

Ratio Obese / Whites

All Whites

28.2

2.6

--

All Asians

11.0

--

0.4

All NHPI

44.6

4.1

1.6

Native Hawaiian

43.0

3.9

1.5

Pacific Islander

44.9

4.1

1.6

Samoan

61.6

5.6

2.2

Guamanian/Chamorro

39.9

3.6

1.4

Other Pacific Islander

38.0

3.5

1.3

Source:  CDC, 2015. Health Conditions and Behaviors of Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Persons in the United States, 2014. Table 2.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_03/sr03_040.pdf [PDF | 2.43MB]

1 Source: https://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/effects/index.html
Or
2 Source: https://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/effects/index.html

 

CHILDREN

  • No national data available at this time.

 

ADOLESCENTS

 

Percentage of high school students who were overweight, 2013

 
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
White
NHOPI/ White Ratio
Total
22.8
15.6
1.5

Source: High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data.
Available at http://nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline. [Accessed 08/18/2017]

 

Percentage of high school students who were obese, 2013

 
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
White
NHOPI/ White Ratio
Total
7.5
13.1
0.6

Source: High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data.
Available at http://nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline. [Accessed 08/18/2017]

 

HEALTH IMPACT OF OBESITY

  • People who are overweight are more likely to suffer from high blood pressure, high levels of blood fats, diabetes and LDL cholesterol ("a fatlike substance") -- all risk factors for heart disease and stroke.1

 

Physical Activity:

 

Inactive leisure-time physical activity, adults 18 and over, 2015 (Did not meet federal physical activity guidelines)

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
NHOPI/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
47.9
43.7
1.1

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table A-14
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Some leisure-time physical activity, adults 18 and over, 2015 (Met aerobic guidelines only)

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
NHOPI/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
50.5
53.0
1.4

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table A-14
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Regular leisure-time physical activity, adults 18 and over, 2015 (Met federal physical activity guidelines)

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
NHOPI/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
32.9
23.4
1.4

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table A-14
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

At a Glace – Risk Factors

Obesity is a risk factor for several diseases. For statistics on these related diseases see:

Diabetes – See Diabetes and Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders

Heart Disease –See Heart Disease and Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders

Stroke –See Stroke and Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders


1Source: https://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/effects/index.html
Last Modified: 8/25/2017 9:35:00 AM