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HIV/AIDS and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders

  • While Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (NHOPI) represent 0.4% of the total population in the United States, the HIV case rate for NHOPI was almost twice that of the white population in 2016.
  • In 2016, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders were 1.6 times more likely to be diagnosed with HIV infection, as compared to the white population.
  • In most of the U.S. Pacific Territories, the cumulative HIV infection rate is higher than the national rate for whites.

 

HIV Infection Cases (Adults and Children)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2016

 
# Cases
Rate
NHOPI/
White Ratio
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander males
39
16.8
1.6
White males
8,879
10.6
 
 
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander females
9
3.9
2.3
White females
1,450
1.7
 
 
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (total, all ages)
48
8.5
1.6
White (total, all ages)
10,345
5.2
 

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, v.28. Table 3a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

HIV Infection Cases and Rates (Children <13 years)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2016

 
# Cases
Rate
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
0
0.0
White
16
0.1
Total Population
122
0.2

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, v.28. Table 3a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

Estimated number of cases of HIV infection by year of diagnosis, 2016

 
# Cases
% of total cases
NHOPI
48
0.1
White
10,345
26
Total Population
39,782
 

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2018, v.28. Table 3a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report- 2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

Estimated number of persons living with HIV infection by year, 2015

 
# Cases
NHOPI / White Ratio
NHOPI
891
0.09
White
298,670
30.7
Total Population
973,846
--

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, v.28. Table 18a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report- 2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

AIDS Cases and Rates (Adults)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2016

 
# Cases
Rate(per 100,000)
NHOPI/White Ratio
NHOPI males
12
5.2
1.2
White males
3,713
4.4
 
 
NHOPI females
3
1.3
1.6
White females
724
0.8
 
 
NHOPI (both sexes)
15
2.6
1.2
White (both sexes)
4,442
2.2
 

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, v.28. Table 4a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

AIDS Cases and Rates(Children <13 years old)

Estimated number of cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2016

 
# Cumulative Cases
# Cases
Rate (per 100,000 population)
NHOPI
6
0
0.0
White
1,536
5
0.0
Total Population
9,573
38
0.1

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, v.28. Table 12a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report- 2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

AIDS Cases (Adults and Children)

Estimated number of cases of AIDS by year of diagnosis, 2016

 
Cumulative # Cases
# Cases
% of total cases
NHOPI
837
15
0.08
White
439,998
4,442
24.5
Total Population
1,232,346
18,160
 

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, v.28. Table 2a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report- 2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

Death Rate

AIDS Death Rates per 100,000 population (2015)

 
NHOPI
Non-Hispanic White
NHOPI/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
All ages, Men
1.8
4.0
0.5
All ages, Women
0.0
0.6
--
Total Population
0.7
2.0
0.4

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, v.28. Table 19a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report- 2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

AIDS Deaths

Estimated number of deaths, and death rates, of persons with AIDS by year of death, 2015

 
Rate
Cumulative # Deaths
% of Total Cases
NHOPI / White Ratio
NHOPI
0.7
369
4
0.03
White
2.0
279,807
3,879
31.0
Total Population
3.9
692,789
12,497
--

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, v.28. Table 17a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report- 2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

HIV Testing

Age-adjusted percent of HIV testing status among persons 18 years of age and over, 2015

 
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific
Islander
Non-Hispanic White
NHOPI/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Ever tested
56.9
35.5
1.6
Never tested
43.1
64.5
0.7

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2015. Table A-20a.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/SHS/tables.htm

 

HIV Cases - Pacific Territories

Estimated number of cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV, 1984-2012 (U.S. Territories)

Region
Number of HIV/AIDS cases, Cumulative
HIV Cumulative Rate
U.S. National-White
--
6.1
U.S. All Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander
--
10.6
American Samoa
3
4.0
Federated States of Micronesia
38
37.0
Guam
244
127.0
Northern Mariana Islands
34
54.0
Republic of Palau
10
48.0
Republic of Marshall Islands
25
45.0
*Data represents all ages in the United States, 2009 only. Comparable data is not available; this is for illustration only.

Source: Secretariat of the Public Community 2013. HIV Surveillance in Pacific Island Countries and Territories: 2012 Report. Table 2.

http://www.mfed.gov.ki/sites/default/files/SPC%20HIV%20Data%20report-2012_0.pdf

Source (U.S. National): CDC 2011. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 3a.

http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB].

 

HIV Infection Cases – Pacific Territories

Estimated number persons living with HIV infection, by area of residence 2013

 
# Cases
Rate
NHOPI (U.S.)
869
162.8
American Somoa
1
2.4
Guam
82
65.8
Northern Mariana Islands
2
5.2
Republic of Palau
4
23.4
White National (U.S.)
297,289
150.3
Total Population (U.S.)
933,941
295.1

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 24 and 18a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

AIDS Cases – Pacific Territories

Estimated number of persons living with AIDS, by area of residence, 2013

 
# Cases
Rate
NHOPI (U.S.)
468
108.8
American Somoa
1
2.4
Guam
32
25.6
Northern Mariana Islands
2
5.3
Republic of Palau
1
5.7
White National (U.S. Continental)
159,913
93.7
Total Population (U.S.)
527,170
197.4

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 25.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

Last Modified: 1/17/2018 10:02:00 AM