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Asthma and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders

  • National data for this population is very limited.
  • While all of the causes of asthma remain unclear, children exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke exposure are at increased risk for acute lower respiratory tract infections, such as bronchitis. Children living below or near the poverty level are more likely to have high levels of blood cotinine, a breakdown product of nicotine, than children living in higher income families.
  • In 2014, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders were 30 percent more likely to have asthma, as compared to non-Hispanic whites.

Diagnosed

Percentage of asthma among persons 18 years of age and over, ever being told they had asthma, 2015

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
13.9*
13.5
1.0

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table A-2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Percent of current asthma prevalence, 2015

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
--
7.9
--

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table A-2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Percentage of asthma among persons 18 years of age and over, ever being told they had asthma, 2014

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
19.2
13.5
1.4

Source: CDC, 2017. Selected Health Conditions Among Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Adults: United States, 2014. Figure 4
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db277.pdf  [333KB]
Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

Percentage of asthma among persons 18 years of age and over, still have asthma, 2014

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
9.9
7.8
1.3

Source: CDC, 2017. Selected Health Conditions Among Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Adults: United States, 2014. Figure 4
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db277.pdf  [333KB]
Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

Percentage of adults 18 years of age and over with asthma, 2004-2006

 
Population
White
Population/White Ratio
Total Asian
8.0
11.0
0.7
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander & other
10.2
11.0
0.9

Source:  CDC 2008. Health characteristics of the Asian adult population: United States, 2004-2006, Table 4.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ad/ad394.pdf [PDF | 475KB]

 

Death Rate

  • National data is not available at this time.

 

Treatment

  • The most recent National Surveillance for Asthma does not include data for Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders.

 

Children:

Age-adjusted percentages for children under 18 years of age, ever being told they had asthma, 2015

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
27.4*
11.7
2.3

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table C-1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

At a Glance - Children:

Age-adjusted percentages for children under 18 years of age, who currently have asthma, 2012

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
7.9
7.9
1.0

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table C-1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

*Estimates have a high relative standard error and should be used with caution as they do not meet the standards of reliability set by the CDC.

Last Modified: 8/15/2017 2:11:00 PM