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Organ Donation and Hispanic Americans

Hispanic Americans have high rates of diabetes and heart disease. Mexican Americans in particular suffer disproportionately from obesity, which contributes to diabetes, hypertension and heart disease. These conditions are known to put the patient at risk for organ failures. Language barriers also negatively affect their access to health care as well as adequate health information. In 2014, Hispanics made up 17.3 percent of the national population.

  • The number of organ transplants performed on Hispanic Americans in 2015 was about 20% of the number of Hispanic Americans currently waiting for a transplant. The number of transplants performed on white Americans was 31% of the number currently waiting.
  • While 18.6% of the total candidates currently waiting for transplants are Hispanic American, they comprised 13.8% of organ donors in 2015.
  • More than half the organs recovered from Hispanic American patients in 2015 were from deceased donors.
  • Both Hispanic men and women have a chronic liver disease rate that is twice that of the white population, and they are almost twice as likely to die from chronic liver disease as compared to the non-Hispanic white population.

 

U.S. Transplant Waiting List – Candidates by Race/Ethnicity

Organ
All candidates
# of Hispanic candidates
Hispanic % of all candidates
# of White candidates
White % of all candidates
All Organs
131,347
24,366
18.6%
55,224
42.0%
Kidney
107,473
20,832
19.4%
39,377
36.3%
Liver
15,021
2,586
17.2%
10,196
67.9%
Heart
4,145
381
9.2%
2,553
61.6%
Lung
1,446
107
7.4%
1,129
78.1%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of July 12, 2016.
https://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/data/view-data-reports/national-data/*

 

Transplants Performed in the U.S. by Recipient Ethnicity, 2015

 
Number
% of total 2015 transplants
Hispanic
4,804
15.5%
White
17,179
55.5%
Total Transplants
30,969
100%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of July 12, 2016.
https://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/data/view-data-reports/national-data/

 

U.S. Organ Donors Recovered, 2015

Donor Type
# of all donors
# of Hispanic donors
Hispanic % of all donors
# of White donors
White % of all donors
Living
5,989
848
14.2%
4,197
70.1%
Deceased
9,079
1,237
13.6%
5,966
65.7%
Total
15,068
2,085
13.8%
19,163
67.4%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of July 12, 2016.
https://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/data/view-data-reports/national-data/

* OPTN data is updated monthly. The OMHRC data & statistics for this section will be updated biannually. For the most recent OPTN data, click here

Last Modified: 8/17/2016 11:02:00 AM