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Infant Mortality and Hispanic Americans

  • Among Hispanic Americans, the infant mortality rate ranges from 4.0 per 1,000 live births for Cuban Americans to 6.5 per 1,000 live births for Puerto Ricans.
  • Puerto Ricans had a 40 percent higher infant mortality rate as compared to non-Hispanic whites, in 2017.
  • Hispanic mothers were 70 percent as likely to receive late or no prenatal care as compared to non-Hispanic white mothers, in 2017.
  • Puerto Rican infants were twice as likely to die from causes related to low birthweight or maternal complications than non-Hispanic white infants.
  • In 2017, Central and South American mothers were twice as likely to receive late or no prenatal care as compared to non-Hispanic white mothers.

Infant Mortality Rate

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2017
Race of Mother Infant Mortality Rate Ratio vs. Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic White 4.7 --
Total Hispanic 5.1 1.1
Mexican 5.1 1.1
Puerto Rican 6.5 1.4
Cuban 4.0 0.9
Central and South American 4.5 1.0

Source:  CDC 2019.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2017 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 2.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr68/nvsr68_10-508.pdf [474.53KB]

Leading Causes of Infant Mortality

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the top 5 leading causes of death for Hispanics / Latinos, 2017 (Rates per 100,000 live births)
Cause of Death
(By rank)
# Total Hispanic Deaths Hispanic Death Rate #Non-Hispanic White Deaths Non-Hispanic White Death Rate Hispanic / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
(1) Congenital malformations 1,199 133.4 2,138 107.3 1.2
(2) Low-Birthweight 764 85.0 1,260 63.2 1.3
(3) Maternal complications 310 34.5 470 23.6 1.5
(4) Accidents (unintentional injuries) 186 20.7 619 31.1 0.7
(5) Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) 174 19.4 688 34.5 0.6

Source:  CDC 2019.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2017 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr68/nvsr68_10-508.pdf [474.53KB]

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the top 5 leading causes of death for Mexican Americans, 2017 (Rates per 100,000 live births)
Cause of Death
(By rank)
# Mexican Deaths Mexican Death Rate Non- Hispanic White Death Rate Mexican /  Non- Hispanic White Ratio
(1) Congenital malformations 727 142.0 107.3 1.3
(2) Low-Birthweight 419 81.8 63.2 1.3
(3) Maternal complications 162 31.6 23.6 1.3
(4) Accidents (unintentional injuries) 104 20.3 31.1 0.7
(5) Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) 94 18.4 34.5 0.5

Source:  CDC 2019.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2017 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr68/nvsr68_10-508.pdf [474.53KB]

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the top 5 leading causes of death for Puerto Rican Americans, 2017  (Rates per 100,000 live births)
Cause of Death
(By rank)
# Puerto Rican Deaths Puerto Rican Death Rate Non- Hispanic White Death Rate Puerto Rican /  Non- Hispanic White Ratio
(1) Low-Birthweight 87 122.9 63.2 1.9
(2) Congenital malformations 66 93.2 107.3 0.9
(3) Maternal complications 33 46.6 23.6 2.0
(4) Accidents (unintentional injuries) 25 35.3 31.1 1.1
(5) Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) 23 32.5 34.5 0.9

Source:  CDC 2019.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2017 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr68/nvsr68_10-508.pdf [474.53KB]

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the 5 leading causes of death for Central and South Americans, 2017   (Rates per 100,000 live births)
Cause of Death
(By rank)
#  Central/South American Deaths  Central/South American Death Rate Non- Hispanic White Death Rate  Central/South American /  Non-Hispanic White Ratio
(1) Congenital malformations 158 120.3 114.7 1.0
(2) Low-Birthweight 106 80.7 74.4 1.1
(3) Maternal complications 40 30.5 29.8 1.0
(4) Accidents (unintentional injuries) 24 16.5 31.1 0.5
(7) Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) 11 -- 40.1 --

Source:  CDC 2019.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2017 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr68/nvsr68_10-508.pdf [474.53KB]

Characteristics of Mother

Percentage of mothers who received prenatal care (first trimester), 2017
Race of Mother Percent Ratio vs. Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic White 82.4 --
Total Hispanic 72.3 0.9
Mexican 72.0 0.9
Puerto Rican 76.0 0.9
Cuban 82.2 1.0
Central and South American 67.7 0.8

Source:  CDC 2019.  Births: Final Data for 2017  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 13 and 14.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr67/nvsr67_08-508.pdf [987.68KB]

Percentage of mothers who received late or no prenatal care, 2017
Race of Mother Percent Ratio vs. Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic White 4.5 --
Total Hispanic 7.7 1.7
Mexican 7.9 1.8
Puerto Rican 6.1 1.4
Cuban 4.2 0.9
Central and South American 9.3 2.1

Source:  CDC 2019.  Births: Final Data for 2017  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 13-14.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr67/nvsr67_08-508.pdf [987.68KB]

Percentage of mothers who smoked during pregnancy, 2017
Race of Mother Percent Ratio vs. Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic White 10.1 --
Total Hispanic 1.8 0.2
Mexican 1.4 0.1
Puerto Rican 5.9 0.6
Cuban 1.8 0.2
Central and South American 0.5 0.05

Source:  CDC 2019.  Births: Final Data for 2017  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 13-14.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr67/nvsr67_08-508.pdf [987.68KB]

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2017
Age of Mother Hispanic Non-Hispanic White Hispanic / Non- Hispanic White Ratio
Under 20 years 6.7 8.5 0.8
20-24 years 5.1 6.1 0.8
25-29 years 4.7 4.6 1.0
30-34 years 4.5 3.8 1.2
35-39 years 5.8 4.1 1.4
40-54 years 7.1 5.3 1.3

Source:  CDC 2019.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2017 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr68/nvsr68_10-508.pdf [474.53KB]

Last Modified: 11/8/2019 4:24:00 PM