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Infant Mortality and Hispanic Americans

Among Hispanic Americans, the infant mortality rate ranges from 3.9 per 1,000 live births for Cuban Americans to 7.2 per 1,000 live births for Puerto Ricans.

  • Puerto Ricans had a 50 percent higher infant mortality rate as compared to non-Hispanic whites in 2014.
  • Hispanic mothers were 70 percent as likely to receive late or no prenatal care as compared to non-Hispanic white mothers, in 2014.
  • Puerto Rican infants were twice as likely to die from causes related to low birthweight than non-Hispanic white infants.
  • In 2014, Central and South American mothers were half as likely to receive prenatal care as compared to non-Hispanic white mothers.

 

Infant Mortality Rate:

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2014

Race of Mother
Infant mortality rate
Ratio vs. Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic White
4.9
--
Total Hispanic
5.0
1.0
Mexican
4.8
1.0
Puerto Rican
7.2
1.5
Cuban
3.0
0.8
Central and South American
4.3
0.9

Source: CDC, 2017. Health United States, 2016. Table 10.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/hus/contents2016.htm

 

Leading Causes of Infant Mortality:

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the top 4 leading cause of death for Hispanics/Latinos, 2013  (Rates per 100,000 live births)

Cause of Death
(By rank)
# Total
Hispanic
Deaths
Hispanic
Death
Rate
#Non-
Hispanic
White
Deaths
Non-
Hispanic
White
Death
Rate
Hispanic/
Non-
Hispanic
White
Ratio
(1) Congenital malformations
1,166
129.4
2,443
114.7
1.1
(2) Low-Birthweight
794
88.1
1,585
74.4
1.2
(3) Maternal complications
298
33.1
635
29.8
1.1
(4) Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
195
21.6
854
40.1
0.5

Source:  CDC 2015.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2013 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_09.pdf [PDF | 994KB]

 

 

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the top 4 leading cause of death for Mexican Americans, 2013  (Rates per 100,000 live births)

Cause of Death
(By rank)
#
Mexican
Deaths
Mexican
Death
Rate
Non-
Hispanic
White
Death
Rate
Mexican/
Non-
Hispanic
White
Ratio
(1) Congenital malformations
754
138.3
114.7
1.2
(2) Low-Birthweight
446
81.8
74.4
1.1
(3) Maternal complications
178
32.6
29.8
1.1
(4) Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
123
22.6
40.1
0.6

Source:  CDC 2015.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2013 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_09.pdf [PDF | 994KB]

 

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the top 4 leading cause of death for Puerto Rican Americans, 2013  (Rates per 100,000 live births)

Cause of Death
(By rank)
# Puerto
Rican
Deaths
Puerto
Rican
Death
Rate
Non-
Hispanic
White
Death
Rate
Puerto
Rican/
Non-
Hispanic
White
Ratio
(1) Low-Birthweight
90
131.8
74.4
1.9
(2) Congenital malformations
66
96.6
114.7
0.8
(3) Maternal complications
33
48.3
29.8
1.6
(4) Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
13
--
40.1
--

Source:  CDC 2015.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2013 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_09.pdf [PDF | 994KB]

 

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the leading cause of death for Central and South Americans, 2013   (Rates per 100,000 live births)

Cause of Death
(By rank)
#
Central/South
American
Deaths
Central/South
American Death Rate
Non-
Hispanic
White
Death
Rate
Central/South
American/
Non-Hispanic
White Ratio
(1) Congenital malformations
158
120.3
114.7
1.0
(2) Low-Birthweight
106
80.7
74.4
1.1
(3) Maternal Complications
40
30.5
29.8
1.0
(6) Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
11
--
40.1
--

Source:  CDC 2015.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2013 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_09.pdf [PDF | 994KB]

 

Characteristics of Mother:

Percentage of mothers who received prenatal care as early in their pregnancy as wanted, 2011

Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
84.6
87.5
1.0

CDC, 2017. PRAMStat (Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System)
https://www.cdc.gov/prams/pramstat/index.html [Accessed August 25, 2017]

Percentage of mothers who received late (after first trimester) or no entry into prenatal care, 2011

Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
24.2
12.0
2.0

CDC, 2017. PRAMStat (Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System)
https://www.cdc.gov/prams/pramstat/index.html [Accessed August 25, 2017]

Percentage of mothers who smoked cigarettes during the last 3 months of pregnancy, 2011

Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
2.1
22.0
0.1

CDC, 2017. PRAMStat (Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System)
https://www.cdc.gov/prams/pramstat/index.html [Accessed August 25, 2017]

 

Percentage of mothers who received late or no prenatal care, 2014

Race of Mother
Percent
Ratio vs. Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic White
4.3
--
Total Hispanic
7.5
1.7
Mexican
7.7
1.8
Puerto Rican
5.7
1.3
Cuban
3.4
0.8
Central and South American
8.7
2.0

Source: Child Trends Databank, 2015.
https://www.childtrends.org/indicators/late-or-no-prenatal-care/ [Accessed September 22, 2017]

 

Percentage of mothers who smoked during pregnancy, 2014

Race of Mother
Percent
Ratio vs. Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic White
12.2
--
Total Hispanic
2.0
0.2
Mexican
1.5
0.1
Puerto Rican
7.1
0.6
Cuban
2.3
0.2
Central and South American
0.6
0.5

Source: Child Trends Databank, 2015.
https://www.childtrends.org/indicators/mothers-who-smoke-while-pregnant/ [Accessed September 22, 2017]

 

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births (All Hispanic Americans), 2013

Age of mother
Total Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio
Under 20 years
6.3
8.5
0.7
20-24 years
5.2
6.1
0.9
25-29 years
4.5
4.7
1.0
30-34 years
4.4
4.1
1.1
35-39 years
5.0
4.4
1.1
40-54 years
7.8
7.0
1.1

Source:  CDC 2015.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2013 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_09.pdf [PDF | 994KB]

 

Last Modified: 10/6/2017 5:07:00 PM