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Chronic Liver Disease and Hispanic Americans

Among the Hispanic/Latino population, chronic liver disease is a leading cause of death. While the cause is not always known, some cases can be initiated by conditions such as chronic alcoholism, obesity and exposure to hepatitis B and C viruses.

  • In 2015, chronic liver disease was the seventh leading cause of death for all Hispanics, and the third leading cause of death for Hispanic men, ages 55-64. 1
  • Both Hispanic men and women have a chronic liver disease rate that is twice that of the white population.
  • Hispanic men and women are 1.7 and 1.8 times more likely to die respectively from liver and IBD cancer than their white counterparts.

 

Cancer Rates for Hispanic (2009-2013):

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Men

Cancer
Hispanic Men
Non-Hispanic White Men
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
All Sites
382.9
529.2
0.7
Liver & IBD*
19.5
10.1
1.9

 

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Women

Cancer
Hispanic Women
Non-Hispanic White Women
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
All Sites
321.9
440.8
0.7
Liver & IBD*
7.4
3.3
2.2
*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source: NCI 2017. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2013. Tables 2.15, and 14.15
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2013/results_single/sect_02_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.27KB]
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2013/results_single/sect_14_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.25KB]

 

Diagnosed

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have been told by a doctor that they have chronic liver disease, 2015

Hispanic
Mexican American
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Mexican American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
1.8
1.9
1.5
1.2
1.3

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table A-4a. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Death Rate

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Men (2009-2013)

Cancer
Hispanic Men
Non-Hispanic White Men
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Liver & IBD*
13.0
7.8
1.7

 

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Women (2009-2013)

Cancer
Hispanic Women
Non-Hispanic White Women
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Liver & IBD*
5.7
3.2
1.8
*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source: NCI 2017. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2013. Table 14.15
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2013/results_single/sect_14_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.25KB]

 

Age-Adjusted Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis Death Rates per 100,000 (2014)

Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
14.5
10.6
1.4

Source: CDC 2016. Deaths: Final Data for 2014. Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr65/nvsr65_04.pdf [PDF | 4.37MB]


1CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS).
http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/fatal.html
Last Modified: 9/15/2017 11:11:00 AM