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Chronic Liver Disease and Hispanic Americans

Among the Hispanic/Latino population, chronic liver disease is a leading cause of death. While the cause is not always known, some cases can be initiated by conditions such as chronic alcoholism, obesity, and exposure to hepatitis B and C viruses.

  • In 2018, chronic liver disease was the seventh leading cause of death for all Hispanics, and the fourth leading cause of death for Hispanic men, ages 55-64.1
  • Both Hispanic men and women have a chronic liver disease rate that is twice that of the non-Hispanic white population.
  • Hispanic men and women are 1.6 and 1.8 times more likely to die respectively from liver and IBD cancer than their non-Hispanic white counterparts.

Cancer Rates for Hispanics (2012-2016)

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Men
Cancer Hispanic Men Non-Hispanic White Men Hispanic / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
All Sites 370.4 505.5 0.7
Liver & IBD* 20.3 10.8 1.9

 Source: NCI 2020. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2016. Tables 2.15 through 24.15
https://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2016/sections.html

 

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Women
Cancer Hispanic Women Non-Hispanic White Women Hispanic / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
All Sites 334.9 448.0 0.7
Liver & IBD* 7.9 3.7 2.1

*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct
Source: NCI 2020. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2016. Tables 2.15 through 24.15
https://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2016/sections.html

 

Diagnosed

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have been told by a doctor that they have chronic liver disease, 2018
Hispanic Mexican American Non-Hispanic White Hispanic / Non-Hispanic White Ratio Mexican American / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
2.7 3.4 1.6 1.7 2.0

Source: CDC 2020. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2018. Table A-4a. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Death Rates (2012-2016)

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Men
Cancer Hispanic Men Non-Hispanic White Men Hispanic / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Liver & IBD* 13.3 8.3 1.6

 Source: NCI 2020. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2016. Tables 14.15
https://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2016/results_single/sect_14_table.15.pdf  [PDF | 11.16KB]

 

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Women
Cancer Hispanic Women Non-Hispanic White Women Hispanic / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Liver & IBD* 6.0 3.4 1.8

*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct
Source: NCI 2020. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2016. Tables 14.15
https://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2016/results_single/sect_14_table.15.pdf  [PDF | 11.16KB]

 

Age-adjusted Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis Death Rates per 100,000 (2017)
  Hispanic Non-Hispanic White Hispanic / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Men 20.4 14.6 1.4
Women 8.7 8.2 1.1
Total 14.3 11.3 1.3

Source: CDC 2019. National Vital Statistics Report, Vol. 68, No. 9. Table 10.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr68/nvsr68_09-508.pdf [PDF | 1.76MB]

 

1CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS).
http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/fatal.html

Last Modified: 3/13/2020 11:43:00 AM