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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Office of Minority Health

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Organ Donation and Asian Americans

Diabetes and heart disease are less prevalent among Asian Americans than other minority groups. Even so, they suffer significantly from liver disease and hepatitis. These conditions are known to put patients at risk for organ failures. In 2018, Asian Americans made up 5.6 percent of the national population.

  • The number of organ transplants performed on Asian Americans in 2019 was only 23.8 percent of the number of Asians currently waiting for a transplant. The number of transplants performed on white Americans was 47.6 percent of the number currently waiting.
  • While 8.3 percent of the total candidates currently waiting for transplants are Asian, they comprised 3.3 percent of organ donors in 2019.
  • The number of organs recovered from living Asian American donors was comparable to the number of organs from deceased Asian American donors in 2019.

 

U.S. Transplant Waiting List – Candidates by Race/Ethnicity
Organ All Candidates # of Asian Candidates Asian % of All Candidates # of White Candidates White % of All Candidates
All Organs 112,258 9,329 8.3 45,441 40.5
Kidney 94,458 8,563 9.1 33,680 35.7
Liver 12,647 668 5.3 8,497 67.2
Heart 3,686 85 2.3 2,140 58.1
Lung 1,309 39 3.0 918 70.1

Source: HRSA. U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of February 20, 2020.
https://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/data/view-data-reports/national-data/*

 

Transplants Performed in the U.S. by Recipient Ethnicity, 2019
  Number Percentage of Total 2019 Transplants
Asian 2,223 5.6
White 21,648 54.5
Total Transplants 39,718 100

Source: HRSA. U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of February 20, 2020.
https://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/data/view-data-reports/national-data/

 

U.S. Organ Donors Recovered, 2019
Donor Type # of All Donors # of Asian Donors Asian % of All Donors # of White Donors White % of All Donors
Living 7,381 313 4.2 5,269 71.4
Deceased 11,870 317 2.7 7,784 65.6
Total 19,251 630 3.3 13,053 67.8

Source: HRSA. U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of February 20, 2020.
https://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/data/view-data-reports/national-data/

 

U.S. Organ Donors Recovered, 2019
Donor Type # of Asian Donors % of Asian Donors # of White Donors % of White Donors
Living 313 49.7 5,269 40.4
Deceased 317 50.3 7,784 59.6
Total 630 100 13,053 100

Source: HRSA. U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of February 20, 2020.
https://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/data/view-data-reports/national-data/

 

* OPTN data is updated monthly online. The data and statistics for this section will be updated annually.

Last Modified: 3/4/2020 8:54:00 AM