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Organ Donation and Asian Americans

Diabetes and heart disease are less prevalent among Asian Americans than other minority groups. Even so, they suffer significantly from liver disease and hepatitis. These conditions are known to put the patient at risk for organ failures. In 2014, Asian Americans made up 5.2 percent of the national population.

  • The number of organ transplants performed on Asian Americans in 2015 was only 16.7% of the number of Asian Americans currently waiting for a transplant. The number of transplants performed on white Americans was 31% of the number currently waiting.
  • While 7.5% of the total candidates currently waiting for transplants are Asian American, they comprised 3.4% of organ donors in 2015.
  • The number of organs recovered from living Asian American donors was comparable to the number of organs from deceased Asian American donors in 2015.

 

U.S. Transplant Waiting List – Candidates by Race/Ethnicity

Organ
All candidates
# of Asian American candidates
Asian American % of all candidates
# of White candidates
White % of all candidates
All Organs
131,347
9,854
7.5%
55,224
42.0%
Kidney
107,473
8,842
8.2%
39,377
36.6%
Liver
15,021
801
5.3%
10,196
67.9%
Heart
4,145
101
2.4%
2,553
61.6%
Lung
1,446
41
2.8%
1,129
78.1%

Source: HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of July 12, 2016.
https://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/data/view-data-reports/national-data/*

 

Transplants Performed in the U.S. by Recipient Ethnicity, 2015

 
Number
% of total 2012 transplants
Asian American
1,646
5.3%
White
17,179
55.5%
Total Transplants
30,969
100%

Source: HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of July 12, 2016.
https://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/data/view-data-reports/national-data/

 

U.S. Organ Donors Recovered, 2015

Donor Type
# of all donors
# of Asian American donors
Asian American % of all donors
# of White donors
White % of all donors
Living
5,989
283
4.7%
4,197
70.1%
Deceased
9,079
231
2.5%
5,966
65.7%
Total
15,068
514
3.4%
10,163
67.4%

Source: HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of July 12, 2016.
https://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/data/view-data-reports/national-data/

* OPTN data is updated monthly. The OMHRC data & statistics for this section will be updated biannually. For the most recent OPTN data, click here

Last Modified: 8/24/2016 3:38:00 PM