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Hepatitis and Asian Americans

In the United States, one study reports that approximately half of the 1 million persons with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection are Asian/Pacific Islanders, most of whom became infected with HBV before arriving in the United States.

  • In 2015, Asian Americans were 1.7 times more likely to contract hepatitis A, as compared to whites.
  • Among all ethnic groups in 2015, Asian/Pacific Islanders had the highest incidence of hepatitis A.
  • Asian Americans are twice as more likely to develop chronic hepatitis B, as compared to whites.
  • 2016 surveillance shows that Asian Americans were eight times more likely to die from hepatitis B than non-Hispanic whites.

 

VIRAL HEPATITIS

Death Rates for Viral Hepatitis, 20145(all types)
 
Asian/Pacific
Islander
Non-Hispanic
White
Asian/Pacific Islander / Non-Hispanic White
Ratio
Male
1.5
2.3
0.7
Female
1.1
1.1
1.0
Total
1.3
1.7
0.8

Source: CDC, 2017. Deaths: Final data for 2015. National vital statistics reports; vol. 66, no.6. Table 10 and Table I-27.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr66/nvsr66_06.pdf [PDF | 2.65MB]

 

HEPATITIS A

Hepatitis A, Acute (Cases per 100,000 population), 2015
Asian
White
Asian / White Ratio
0.57
0.34
1.7

Source: CDC, 2017. Summary of Notifiable Diseases - United States, 2015. MMWR 2017; v. 66, no. 53. Table 6.
https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/64/wr/pdfs/mm6453.pdf [PDF | 2.93MB]

 

HEPATITIS B

Hepatitis B, Acute (Cases per 100,000 population), 2015
Asian
White
Asian / White Ratio
0.34
0.91
0.4

Source: CDC, 2017. Summary of Notifiable Diseases - United States, 2015. MMWR 2017; v. 66, no. 53. Table 6.
https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/64/wr/pdfs/mm6453.pdf [PDF | 2.93MB]

 

HEPATITIS B - CHRONIC

Adults (Chronic Hepatitis B)

Percent of reported cases of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, 2013-2016
Asian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
Asian/Pacific Islander /
Non-Hispanic White
Ratio
30.1%
13.5%
2.2

Source:  CDC 2018.  Viral Hepatitis Surveillance – United States, 2016. Table 3.4.
http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/Statistics/2016Surveillance/index.htm

Death Rate (Hepatitis B)

Rate per 100,000 of Hepatitis-B-Related Deaths, 2016
Asian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
Asian/Pacific Islander / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
2.39
0.29
8.2

Source:  CDC 2018. Viral Hepatitis Surveillance - United States, 2016. Table 3.5.
http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/Statistics/2016Surveillance/index.htm

Immunization of Adults (Hepatitis B)

Percentage of adults ages 19-49 years, high risk groups, who ever received 3 or more doses of the hepatitis B vaccination, 2015
Asian
Non-Hispanic White
Asian/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
38.3%
34.9%
1.1

Source: CDC 2017. Surveillance of Vaccination Coverage Among Adult Populations — United States, 2015. Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/ss/ss6611a1.htm

Immunization of Adolescents (Hepatitis B)

Percentage adolescents aged 13-17 years, who ever received 3 or more doses of the hepatitis B vaccination, 2015
Asian Only
Non-Hispanic White
Asian/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
88.4%
92.3%
1.0

Source: CDC 2017. Vaccination Coverage Among Adolescents Aged 13–17 Years — United States, 2016. Supplementary Table 1..
https://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/47510

Immunization of Children (Hepatitis B)

Percentage of children aged 19 to 35 months who received 3 or more doses of hepatitis B (Hep B) vaccination, 2016
Population
Percentage
Asian/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Non-Hispanic White
91.3%
--
Asian Only
93.8%
1.0
NHOPI
86.0%
0.9

Source: CDC 2017. Vaccination Coverage Among Children Aged 19–35 Months — United States, 2016. Table 2.
https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/wr/pdfs/mm6643a3-h.pdf [150KB]

 

HEPATITIS C - ACUTE

Hepatitis C, Acute (Cases per 100,000 population), 2015
Asian
White
Asian / White Ratio
0.08
0.77
0.1

Source: CDC, 2017. Summary of Notifiable Diseases - United States, 2015. MMWR 2017; v. 64, no. 53. Table 6.
https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/64/wr/pdfs/mm6453.pdfdf [PDF | 2.93MB]

 

HEPATITIS C - CHRONIC

Adults (Chronic Hepatitis C)

Percent of reported cases of past or present hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, 2013-2016
Asian/Pacific
Islander
White
Asian/Pacific Islander /
White Ratio
0.8%
36.4%
0.02

Source: CDC 2018. Viral Hepatitis Surveillance – United States, 2016. Table 4.4
http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/Statistics/2016Surveillance/index.htm

Death Rate (Chronic Hepatitis C)

Rate per 100,000 of Hepatitis-B-Related Deaths, 2016
Asian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
Asian/Pacific Islander / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
2.14
3.97
0.5

Source:  CDC 2018. Viral Hepatitis Surveillance - United States, 2016. Table 4.5.
http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/Statistics/2016Surveillance/index.htm


1CDC, 2007. Hepatitis Awareness Month - May 2007. MMWR v. 56, no. 18, page 1. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5618.pdf [PDF | 551KB]

Last Modified: 5/24/2018 10:36:00 AM