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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Office of Minority Health

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Heart Disease and Asian Americans

  • Overall, Asian American adults are less likely than white adults to have heart disease and they are less likely to die from heart disease.
  • In general, Asian American adults have lower rates of being overweight or obese, lower rates of hypertension, and they are less likely to be current cigarette smokers.
  • Asian Americans are 50 percent less likely to die from heart disease than non-Hispanic whites.
  • Asian American men are four times more likely to smoke cigarettes as compared to Asian American women.

Diagnosed Cases of Coronary Heart Disease:

Age-adjusted percentages of coronary heart disease among persons 18 years of age and over, 2018
Asian American Non-Hispanic White Asian American /Non-Hispanic
White Ratio
4.4 5.8 0.7

Source: CDC 2020. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2018. Table A-1a.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

Death Rate:

Age-adjusted heart disease death rates per 100,000 (2017)
  Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Asian
/Pacific Islander
/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Men

108.1

214.0

0.5

Women

67.7

131.9

0.5

Total

85.5

168.9

0.5

Source: CDC 2019. National Vital Statistics Report, Vol. 68, No. 9. Table 10.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr68/nvsr68_09-508.pdf [PDF | 1.76MB]

Risk Factors:

There are several risk factors related to heart disease. Some of these risk factors are:

Obesity and Overweight – See Obesity and Asian Americans

 

Hypertension

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 20 years of age and over who have high blood pressure, 2013-2016
  Asian American Non-Hispanic White Asian American /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Men 30.2 31.1 1.0
Women 24.4 27.0 0.9
Total 27.0 29.2 0.9

Source: CDC 2019. Health United States, 2018. Table 22.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus18.pdf [PDF | 1.56MB]

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have high blood pressure, 2018
Asian American Non-Hispanic White Asian American /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
21.9 24.0 0.9

Source: CDC 2020. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2018. Table A-1a.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Percentage of adults aged 18 and over with hypertension whose blood pressure is under control, 2015-2016
      Non-Hispanic Asian Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Asian /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Men 34.9 47.7 0.7
Women 39.7 48.5 0.8
Total 37.4 50.8 0.7

Source: CDC: 2017. Hypertension Prevalence and Control Among Adults: United States, 2015–2016. NCHS Data Brief, No. 289.  Figure 4.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db289.pdf [PDF | 361 KB]

 

High Cholesterol

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 20 years of age and over who have high cholesterol, 2013-2016  
  Non-Hispanic Asian Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Asian /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Men 26.0 33.6 0.7
Women 23.5 31.6 0.7
Total 24.7 32.7 0.8

Source: CDC 2019. Health United States, 2018. Table 23.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus18.pdf [PDF | 1.56MB]

 

 Percentage of adults who received a blood cholesterol measurement in the last 5 years, 2017
Asian American Non-Hispanic White Asian American /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
91.0 87.3 1.0

Source:  AHRQ 2020. National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query. Table 7 _5_ 1_ 4_2.1.
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

 

Cigarette Smoking

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are current cigarette smokers, 2018  
Asian American Non-Hispanic White Asian American /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
6.8 15.5 0.4

Source: CDC 2020. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2018. Table A-12a.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Current cigarette smoking among adults aged 18 and over, 2015-2017
  Asian American Non-Hispanic White Asian American /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Men 12.3 17.8 0.7
Women 4.0 16.0 0.25

Source: CDC 2019. Health United States, 2018. Table 19.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus18.pdf [PDF | 1.56MB]

 

Percentage of current smokers age 18 and over with a checkup who reported receiving advice to quit smoking, 2016
Asian American Non-Hispanic White Asian American /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
-- 67.9 --

Source:  AHRQ 2020. National Healthcare Quality Report. Table 7_2_1_1_1_.1.
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

 

Percentage of current smokers age 18 and over with a checkup who reported receiving advice to quit smoking, 2015
Asian American Non-Hispanic White Asian American / 
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
34.2 60.2 0.6

Source:  CDC 2017. Quitting Smoking Among Adults — United States, 2000–2015. Table 2.
https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/pdfs/mm6552a1.pdf [PDF | 194 KB]

Last Modified: 2/14/2020 4:10:00 PM