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Asthma and Asian Americans

  • In 2015, 574,000 Asian Americans reported that they currently have asthma.
  • Asian Americans generally have lower rates of asthma than the white population.
  • Data on asthma conditions for Asian Americans is limited.
  • While all of the causes of asthma remain unclear, children exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke exposure are at increased risk for acute lower respiratory tract infections, such as bronchitis. Children living below or near the poverty level are more likely to have high levels of blood cotinine, a breakdown product of nicotine, than children living in higher income families.

 

At a Glance - Diagnosed

Percentage of asthma among persons 18 years of age and over, currently have asthma, 2015

Asian
Non-Hispanic White
Asian/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
4.0
7.9
0.5

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table A-2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Percentage of asthma among persons 18 years of age and over, ever being told they had asthma, 2015

Asian
Non-Hispanic White
Asian/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
7.4
13.5
0.5

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table A-2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Percentage of adults 18 years of age and over with asthma, 2004-2006

 
Population
White
Population/ White Ratio
Total Asian
8.0
11.0
0.7
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander & other
10.2
11.0
0.9
Chinese
5.9
11.0
0.5
Filipino
10.7
11.0
1.0
Asian Indian
7.7
11.0
0.7
Japanese
8.3
11.0
0.8
Vietnamese
7.1
11.0
0.6
Korean
6.9
11.0
0.6

Source:  CDC 2008. Health characteristics of the Asian adult population: United States, 2004-2006. Table 4.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ad/ad394.pdf [PDF | 476KB]

 

Hospital admissions rate for asthma, adults age 18 to 39, United States, 2013

Asian
Non-Hispanic White
Asian/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
10.3
39.3
0.3

Source:  National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 2_9_3_2_1.2b [Accessed 03/01/2017]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

 

Death Rate

Deaths per 100,000, with asthma as the underlying cause, National Vital Statistics System, 2014

Asian
Non-Hispanic White
Asian/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
0.9
0.9
1.0

Source:  CDC 2016. Deaths: Final Data for 2014. Table 16 and Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr65/nvsr65_04.pdf [PDF | 1.68MB]

 

Treatment

The most recent National Health Interview Survey does not include data for Asian Americans.

 

Children

Age-adjusted percentages for children under 18 years of age, ever being told they had asthma, 2015

Asian
Non-Hispanic White
Asian/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
10.6
11.7
0.9

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table C-1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Hospital admissions rate for asthma, children ages 2-17, United States, 2013

Asian
Non-Hispanic White
Asian/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
55.0
60.9
0.9

Source:  National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 5_4_1_7_2.2a [Accessed 03/01/2017]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

 

Age-adjusted percentages for children under 18 years of age, who currently have asthma, 2015

Asian
Non-Hispanic White
Asian/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
5.3
7.3
0.7

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table C-1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

Last Modified: 3/13/2017 2:46:00 PM