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Infant Mortality and American Indians/Alaska Natives

  • American Indian/Alaska Natives have 1.6 times the infant mortality rate as non-Hispanic whites.
  • American Indian/Alaska Native babies are twice as likely as non-Hispanic white babies to die from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
  • American Indian/Alaska Native infants are 70 percent more likely than non-Hispanic white infants to die from accidental deaths before the age of one year.
  • In 2014, American Indian/Alaska Native mothers were 2.5 as likely to receive late or no prenatal care as compared to non-Hispanic white mothers.

 

Infant Mortality Rate:

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2014

American Indian/Alaska Native
Non-Hispanic White
All Races
American
Indian/Alaska
Native /Non-
Hispanic White Ratio
7.6
4.9
5.8
1.6

Source: CDC, 2017. Health United States, 2016. Table 10.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/hus/contents2016.htm

 

Leading Causes of Infant Mortality:

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the top 4 leading cause of death for American Indian/Alaska Native, 2013.  (Rates per 100,000 live births)

Cause of Death
(By rank)

# American
Indian/Alaska
Native
Deaths
American
Indian/Alaska
Native Death
Rate
#Non-
Hispanic
White
Deaths
Non-
Hispanic
White
Death
Rate
American
Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-
Hispanic
White Ratio

(1) Congenital malformations

71
154.4
2,443
114.7
1.3

(2) Low-Birthweight

44
95.7
1,585
74.4
1.3

(3) Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

36
78.3
854
40.1
2.0

(4) Accidents (unintentional injuries)

22
47.8
583
27.4
1.7

Source:  CDC 2015.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2013 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_09.pdf [PDF | 994KB]

 

Characteristics of Mother:

Percentage of mothers who received late or no prenatal care, 2014

American Indian/Alaska Native
Non-Hispanic White
American Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic
White Ratio
10.8
4.3
2.5

Source: Child Trends Databank, 2015
https://www.childtrends.org/indicators/late-or-no-prenatal-care/[Accessed September 22, 2017]

Percentage of mothers who reported they smoked during pregnancy, 2014

American Indian/Alaska Native
Non-Hispanic White
American Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic
White Ratio
16.7
12.2
1.4

Source: Child Trends Databank, 2015
https://www.childtrends.org/indicators/mothers-who-smoke-while-pregnant/[Accessed September 22, 2017]

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2013

Age of mother
American
Indian/Alaska
Native
Non-Hispanic White
American
Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Under 20 years

8.1
8.5
1.0

20-24 years

7.6
6.1
1.2

25-29 years

8.5
4.7
1.8

30-34 years

5.3
4.1
1.3

35-39 years

8.6
4.4
2.0

40-54 years

---
7.0
--

Source:  CDC 2015.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2013 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_09.pdf [PDF | 994KB]

Last Modified: 10/6/2017 5:09:00 PM