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HIV/AIDS and American Indians/Alaska Natives

  • American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/NA) have twice the rate of HIV infection as compared to the white population.
  • American Indian/Alaska Natives have twice the AIDS rate as compared to the white population.
  • In 2016, American Indian/Alaska Native women were three times more likely to be diagnosed with AIDS infection, as compared to the white female population.

 

HiIV Infection Cases and Rates (Adults)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2016

 
# Cases
Rate
AI/NA /
White Ratio
American Indian/Alaska Native males
198
20.9
2.0
White males
8,879
10.6
 
 
American Indian/Alaska Native females
45
4.5
2.6
White females
1,450
1.7
 
 
American Indian/Alaska Native (total, all ages)
243
10.2
2.0
White (total, all ages)
10,345
5.2
 

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, v.28. Table 3a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

HIV Infection Cases and Rates (Children <13 years)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2016

 
# Cases
Rate
American Indians/Alaska Natives
0
0.0
White
16
0.1
Total Population
122
0.2

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, v.28. Table 3a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

HIV Cases (Adults and Children)

Estimated number of cases of HIV infection by year of diagnosis, 2016

 
# Cases
% of total cases
American Indians/Alaska Natives
243
0.6%
White
10,345
26.0%
Total Population
39,782
 

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, v.28. Table 3a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

Estimated number of persons living with HIV infection by year, 2015

 
# Cases
% of total cases
American Indians/Alaska Natives
2,904
0.3%
White
298,670
30.7%
Total Population
973,846
 

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, v.28. Table 20a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

AIDS Cases and Rates (Adults)

Estimated number of cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2016

 
# Cases
Rate
(per 100,000)
American Indians/Alaska
Natives / White Ratio
American Indians/Alaska Natives males
77
8.1
1.8
White males
3,713
4.4
 
 
American Indians/Alaska Natives females
24
2.4
3.0
White females
724
0.8
 
 
American Indians/Alaska Natives (both sexes)
102
4.3
2.0
White (both sexes)
4,442
2.2
 

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, v.28. Table 4a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

AIDS Cases and Rates (Children, <13 years)

Estimated number of cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2016

 
Cumulative # Cases
# Cases
Rate
(per 100,000 population)
American Indian/Alaska Native
28
1
0.2
White
1,536
5
0.0
Total Population
9,573
38
0.1

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, v.28. Table 6a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

AIDS Cases (Adults and Children)

Estimated number of cases of AIDS by year of diagnosis, 2016

 
Cummulative # Cases
# Cases
% of total cases

American Indian/Alaska Native

3,580
102
0.6%

White

439,998
4,442
24.5%

Total Population

18,160
 

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2015, v.28. Table 2a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

Death Rate

HIV Death Rates per 100,000 population (2015)

 
American
Indian/Alaska
Native
Non-Hispanic White
American
Indian/Alaska
Native /Non-
Hispanic White Ratio
All ages, Men
3.5
4.0
0.9
All ages, Women
1.6
0.6
2.7
Total Population
2.1
2.0
1.1

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, v.28. Table 19a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

AIDS Deaths

Estimated number of deaths, and death rates, of persons with AIDS by year of death, 2015

 
Rate
Cummulative # Deaths
# Deaths
% of total cases
American Indian/Alaska Native
2.1
1,988
49
0.4%
White
2.0
279,807
3,897
31.0%
Total Population
3.9
692,789
12,497
 

Source: CDC 2017. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, v.28. Table 17a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-2016-vol-28.pdf [PDF | 5.77MB]

 

HIV Testing

Age-adjusted percent of HIV testing status among persons 18 years of age and over, 2015

 
American
Indian/Alaska
Native
Non-Hispanic White
American
Indian/Alaska
Native /Non-
Hispanic White Ratio
Ever tested
42.3
35.5
1.2
Never tested
57.7
64.5
0.9

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2015. Table A-20a.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/SHS/tables.htm

Last Modified: 4/8/2018 10:10:00 PM