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HIV/AIDS and American Indians/Alaska Natives

  • Asian Americans have lower HIV infection rates as compared to their white counterparts, and they are less likely to die of HIV Infection.
  • National surveillance data for HIV infection in Asian subgroups is limited.

 

HIV Infection Cases and Rates (Adults)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2019

 
# Cases
Rate
American Indian/Alaska Native /
White Ratio
American Indian/Alaska Native males
165
16.9
1.9
White males
7,498
8.9
 
 
American Indian/Alaska Native females
44
4.3
2.5
White females
1,508
1.7
 
 
American Indian/Alaska Native (total, all ages)
210
8.6
1.9
White (total, all ages)
9,013
4.6
 

Source: CDC 2021. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2019, v.32. Tables 1a and 3a.
https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-2018-updated-vol-32.pdf [PDF | 19.7MB]

 

HIV Infection Cases and Rates (Children <13 years)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2019

 
# Cases
Rate
American Indians/Alaska Natives
1
0.2
White
7
0.0
Total Population
61
0.1

Source: CDC 2021. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2019, v.32. Table 2a.
https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-2018-updated-vol-32.pdf [PDF | 16.7MB]

 

HIV Infection Cases (Adults and Children)

Estimated number of cases of HIV infection by year of diagnosis, 2019

 
# Cases
% of Total Cases
American Indians/Alaska Natives
210
0.6
White
9,013
24.8
Total Population
36,398
 

Source: CDC 2021. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2019, v.32. Table 1a.
https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-2018-updated-vol-32.pdf [PDF | 19.7B]

 

Estimated number of persons living with HIV infection and rates (per 100,000) by year, 2019

 
Rate
# Cases
% of Total Cases
American Indians/Alaska Natives
132.0
3,215
0.3
White
153.9
303,701
29.0
Total Population
318.4
1,044,977
 

Source: CDC 2021. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2019, v.32. Table 16a.
https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-2018-updated-vol-32.pdf [PDF | 19.7MB]

 

AIDS Cases and Rates (Adults)

Estimated number of cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2019

 
# Cases
Rate
American Indians/Alaska Natives /
White Ratio
American Indians/Alaska Natives males
48
4.9
1.3
White males
3,190
3.8
 
 
American Indians/Alaska Natives females
17
1.7
2.1
White females
685
0.8
 
 
American Indians/Alaska Natives (both sexes)
65
3.3
1.4
White (both sexes)
3,975
2.3
 

Source: CDC 2021. NCHHSTP Atlas Plus.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/atlas/index.htm [Accessed 06/16/2021]

 

Estimated number of cases of AIDS by year of diagnosis, 2019

 
Cumulative # Cases*
% of Total Cases
American Indian/Alaska Native
3,562
0.3
White
444,613
34.0
Total Population
1,307,283
 

Source: CDC 2021. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2019. Slide Set: HIV Infection, Stage 3 (AIDS) 2019. Slide 43.
https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/slidesets/cdc-hiv-infection-stage-3-2019.pdf [PDF | 6.6MB]

 

Death Rate

HIV infection death rates per 100,000 population. 2019

 
American Indian/Alaska Native
White
American Indian/Alaska Native /
White Ratio
All ages, Men
3.4
5.0
0.7
All ages, Women
1.8
0.6
2.3
 
Total Population
2.1
2.5
0.8

Source: CDC 2021. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2019, v.32. Table 12a.
https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-2018-updated-vol-32.pdf[PDF | 19.7MB ]

 

AIDS Deaths

Estimated number of deaths, and death rates, of persons with AIDS by year of death, 2019

 
# Deaths 2019
Rate 2019
Cumulative # Deaths*
% of Total Cases
American Indian/Alaska Native
41
2.1
2,087
0.3
White
3,637
2.1
293,444
38.3
Total Population
11,899
4.3
766,380
 

Source: CDC 2021. NCHHSTP Atlas Plus
https://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/atlas/index.htm [Accessed 06/16/2021]

Source: CDC 2021. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2019. Slide Set: HIV Infection, Stage 3 (AIDS) 2019. Slide 43.
https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/slidesets/cdc-hiv-infection-stage-3-2019.pdf [PDF | 6.6MB]

 

HIV Testing

Age-adjusted percent of HIV testing status among persons 18 years of age and over, 2018

 
American Indian/Alaska Native
Non-Hispanic White
American Indian/Alaska Native /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Ever tested
46.6
39.9
1.2
Never tested
53.4
60.1
0.9

Source: CDC 2021. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2018. Table A-20a.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/SHS/tables.htm

 

* Cumulative data are from the beginning of the epidemic through 2019.

Last Modified: 7/8/2021 11:39:00 AM