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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Office of Minority Health

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Mental and Behavioral Health - Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders

  • In 2018, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander adults had similar rates of mental illness as compared to non-Hispanic whites.
  • However in 2018, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders were significantly less likely to receive mental health services or to receive prescription medications for mental health treatment.
  • National behavioral health statistics for Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders is limited at this time.
  • Statistics listed below are the most recent national numbers currently available. Additional data will be added as reports are released from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

MENTAL HEALTH STATUS

Serious psychological distress in the past 30 days among adults 18 years of age and over, percent, 2015-2016
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander*
Non-Hispanic White
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
2.1
3.7
0.6

Source: CDC, 2018. Health United States, 2017. Table 46.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus17.pdf [PDF | 10.22MB]


Adults age 18 and over with major depressive episode in the past year, 2018
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
6.9
7.8
0.9

SAMHSA, 2019. Results from the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Detailed Tables. Table 8.39B
https://www.samhsa.gov/data/report/2018-nsduh-detailed-tables


Adults age 18 and over with any mental illness in the past year, 2018
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
21.1
20.4
1.0

SAMHSA, 2019. Results from the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Detailed Tables. Table 8.2B
https://www.samhsa.gov/data/report/2018-nsduh-detailed-tables

DEATH RATES

Age-adjusted death rates for suicide by race
National data is not available at this time. 

ADOLESCENTS

Age-adjusted death rates for suicide by race - adolescents
National data is not available at this time. 


Suicidal ideation among students in grades 9-12, 2017
Percent of students who seriously considered suicide
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
18.4
17.3
1.1

Source: CDC, 2019. High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. [Accessed 08/02/2019]
https://nccd.cdc.gov/Youthonline/App/Default.aspx


Suicidal ideation among students in grades 9-12, 2017
Percent of students who attempted suicide
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
--
6.1
--

Source: CDC, 2019. High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. [Accessed 08/02/2019]
https://nccd.cdc.gov/Youthonline/App/Default.aspx

ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE

Percent of adults age 18 and over who received mental health services in the past year, 2018
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
10.9
18.6
0.6

Source: SAMHSA, 2019. Results from the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Mental Health Detailed Tables. Table 8.17B.
https://www.samhsa.gov/data/report/2018-nsduh-detailed-tables


Percent of adults age 18 and over who received prescription medications for mental health treatment or counseling, 2018
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
6.3
15.4
0.4

Source: SAMHSA, 2019. Results from the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Mental Health Detailed Tables. Table 8.21B.
https://www.samhsa.gov/data/report/2018-nsduh-detailed-tables

 *All data in the above surveys relate to non-Hispanic Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders.

Last Modified: 9/25/2019 11:47:00 AM