Skip Navigation

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Office of Minority Health

Office of Minority Health (OMH) Logo

Chronic Liver Disease and African Americans

Among African Americans, chronic liver disease is a leading cause of death. While the cause is not always known, some cases can be initiated by conditions such as chronic alcoholism, obesity, and exposure to hepatitis B and C viruses.

  • In 2018, chronic liver disease was the ninth leading cause of death for non-Hispanic blacks, 45-64 years old.1
  • African American men are 60 percent more likely to have liver and IBD cancer than non-Hispanic white men.
  • African American women are 40 percent more likely to die from liver and IBD cancer than non-Hispanic white women.

Cancer Rates for African Americans (2012-2016)

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Men
Cancer African American Men Non-Hispanic White Men African American / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
All Sites 520.8 505.5 1.0
Liver & IBD* 17.8 10.8 1.6

Source: NCI 2020. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2016. Tables 2.15 through 24.15
https://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2016/sections.html

 

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Women

Cancer African American Women Non-Hispanic White Women African American / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
All Sites 391.3 448.0 0.9
Liver & IBD* 5.4 3.7 1.5

*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source: NCI 2020. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2016. Tables 2.15 through 24.15
https://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2016/sections.html  

 

Diagnosed

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have been told by a doctor that they have chronic liver disease, 2018

Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
1.1 1.6 0.7

Source: CDC 2020. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2018. Table A-4a. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Death Rates (2012-2016)

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Men
Cancer African American Men Non-Hispanic White Men African American / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Liver & IBD* 13.2 8.3 1.6

Source: NCI 2020. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2016. Table 14.15
https://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2016/results_single/sect_14_table.15.pdf  [PDF | 11.16KB]

 

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Women

Cancer African American Women Non-Hispanic White Women African American / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Liver & IBD* 4.7 3.4 1.4

*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source: NCI 2020. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2016. Tables 14.15
https://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2016/results_single/sect_14_table.15.pdf  [PDF | 11.16KB]

 

Age-adjusted Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis Death Rates per 100,000 (2017)

  Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Men 10.4 14.6 0.7
Women 5.2 8.2 0.6
Total 7.5 11.3 0.7

Source: CDC 2019. National Vital Statistics Report, Vol. 68, No. 9. Table 10.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr68/nvsr68_09-508.pdf [PDF | 1.76MB]

 

1 CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)
http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/fatal.html

Last Modified: 3/13/2020 11:44:00 AM