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Chronic Liver Disease and African Americans

Among African Americans, chronic liver disease is a leading cause of death. While the cause is not always known, some cases can be initiated by conditions such as chronic alcoholism, obesity and exposure to Hepatitis B and C viruses.

  • In 2015, chronic liver disease was the eighth leading cause of death for non-Hispanic blacks, 45-64 years old. 1
  • African American men are 60% more likely to have liver and IBD cancer than non-Hispanic white men.
  • African American women are 1.4 times more likely to die from liver and IBD cancer than non-Hispanic white women.

 

Cancer Rates for African Americans (2009-2013)

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Men

Cancer
African American Men
Non-Hispanic White Men
African American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
All Sites
571.8
529.2
1.1
Liver & IBD*
16.4
10.1
1.6

 

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Women

Cancer
African American Women
Non-Hispanic White Women
African American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
All Sites
400.5
440.8
0.9
Liver & IBD*
4.9
3.3
1.5
*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source: NCI 2017. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2013. Tables 2.15, and 14.15 http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2013/results_single/sect_02_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.27KB]
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2013/results_single/sect_14_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.25KB]

 

Diagnosed:

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have been told by a doctor that they have chronic liver disease, 2015

Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
0.9
1.5
0.6

Source: CDC 2017. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2015. Table A-4a. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Death Rate:

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Men (2009-2013)

Cancer
African American Men
Non-Hispanic White Men
African American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Liver & IBD*
12.8
7.8
1.6

 

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Women (2009-2013)

Cancer
African American Women
Non-Hispanic White Women
African American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Liver & IBD*
4.4
3.2
1.4
*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source: NCI 2017. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2013. Tables 14.15
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2013/results_single/sect_14_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.25KB]

 

Age-Adjusted Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis Death Rates per 100,000 (2014)

Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
7.3
10.6
0.7

Source: CDC 2016. Deaths: Final Data for 2014. Table 17
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr65/nvsr65_04.pdf [PDF | 4.37MB]


1CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)
http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/fatal.html

Last Modified: 3/2/2017 12:35:00 PM