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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Office of Minority Health

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Hepatitis and African Americans

Hepatitis B infection has dropped significantly since 1991, but remains an area of concern for the African American population.

  • In 2017, non-Hispanic blacks were 1.5 times as likely to die from viral hepatitis, as compared to non-Hispanic whites.
  • In 2018, African Americans were almost twice as likely to die from hepatitis C as compared to the white population.
  • While having comparable case rates for hepatitis B in 2016, African Americans were 2.6 times more likely to die from hepatitis B than non-Hispanic whites.

VIRAL HEPATITIS

Death Rates

Death Rates for Viral Hepatitis, 2017 (all types)
  Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Male 2.7 1.6 1.7
Female 1.0 0.9 1.1
Total 1.8 1.2 1.5

Source: CDC 2019. Deaths: Final Data for 2017. National vital statistics reports; vol. 68, no. 9. Table 10.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr68/nvsr68_09-508.pdf [PDF | 1.76MB]

 

Hepatitis A, Acute (Cases per 100,000 population), 2018

Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
0.16 0.34 0.5

CDC 2020. Viral Hepatitis Surveillance — United States, 2018.  Table 1.2.
https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/statistics/2018surveillance/pdfs/2018HepSurveillanceRpt.pdf [PDF | 7.76MB]

 

Hepatitis B, Acute (Cases per 100,000 population), 2018

Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
1.0 1.0 1.0

CDC 2020. Viral Hepatitis Surveillance — United States, 2018.  Table 2.2
https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/statistics/2018surveillance/pdfs/2018HepSurveillanceRpt.pdf [PDF | 7.76MB]

 

HEPATITIS B - CHRONIC

Adults (Chronic Hepatitis B)

Percentage of reported cases of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, 2013-2016
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
10.9 13.5 0.8

Source: CDC 2018. Viral Hepatitis Surveillance - United States, 2016. Table 3.4.
http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/Statistics/2016Surveillance/index.htm

 

Death Rate (Hepatitis B)

Rate per 100,000 of Hepatitis-B-Related Deaths, 2018
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
0.7 0.27 2.6

CDC 2020. Viral Hepatitis Surveillance — United States, 2018.  Table 2.7
https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/statistics/2018surveillance/pdfs/2018HepSurveillanceRpt.pdf [PDF | 7.76MB]

 

Immunization of Adults (Hepatitis B):

Percentage of adults ages 19-49 years, high risk groups, who received 3 doses of the hepatitis B vaccination, 2017
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
30.7 36.6 0.8

Source: CDC 2018. Vaccination Coverage among Adults in the United States, National Health Interview Survey, 2017. Box 2, Table 2.
https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/imz-managers/coverage/adultvaxview/pubs-resources/NHIS-2017.html

 

Immunization of Adolescents (Hepatitis B):

Percentage of adolescents aged 13 to 17 years who received 3 doses of the hepatitis B vaccination, 2019
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
91.2 93.8 1.0

Source: CDC 2020. Vaccination Coverage Among Adolescents Aged 13–17 Years — United States, 2019. Supplementary Table 1.
https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/imz-managers/coverage/teenvaxview/pubs-presentations/NIS-teen-vac-coverage-estimates-2019-tables.html

 

Immunization of Children (Hepatitis B):

Percentage of children aged 19 to 35 months who received the universally recommended vaccination – 3 doses hepatitis B (hep B) vaccine, 2017
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
91.8 91.1 1.0

Source: CDC 2018. Vaccination Coverage Among Children Aged 19–35 Months — United States, 2017. Supplementary Table 1.
https://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/59414

 

HEPATITIS C - ACUTE

Hepatitis C, Acute (Cases per 100,000 population), 2018
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
0.6 1.3 0.5

CDC 2020. Viral Hepatitis Surveillance — United States, 2018.  Table 3.2.
https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/statistics/2018surveillance/pdfs/2018HepSurveillanceRpt.pdf [PDF | 7.76MB]

 

HEPATITIS C - CHRONIC

Adults (Chronic Hepatitis C)

Percentage of reported cases, past or present, of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, 2013-2016
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
7.7 36.4 0.2

Source: CDC, 2018. Viral Hepatitis Surveillance - United States, 2016. Table 4.4.
http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/Statistics/2016Surveillance/index.htm

 

Death Rate (Hepatitis C)

Rate per 100,000 of Hepatitis-C-Related Deaths, 2018
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
6.31 3.35 1.9

CDC 2020. Viral Hepatitis Surveillance — United States, 2018.  Table 3.7.
https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/statistics/2018surveillance/pdfs/2018HepSurveillanceRpt.pdf [PDF | 7.76MB]

Last Modified: 12/31/2020 10:21:00 AM