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Diabetes and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders

Asian Americans, in general, have the same rate of diabetes as non-Hispanic whites. However, there are differences within the Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander population.

  • From a national survey, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders are 2.4 times more likely to be diagnosed with diabetes as the white population.
  • In the state of Hawaii, Native Hawaiians are 2.2 times more likely to be diagnosed with diabetes, as compared to the white population.
  • In 2010, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders were 30 percent more likely to have had a foot examination within the past 12 months than non-Hispanic whites.

 

At a glance – Diagnosed Cases of Diabetes:

National Health Interview Survey, NHIS

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over with diabetes, 2014

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders

Non-Hispanic White

Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders/White Ratio

17.6

7.3

2.4

Source:  CDC 2014. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2012. Table 8.

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-4.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

BRFSS, REACH 2010 Surveys

Hawaii State BRFSS

Percent of adults diagnosed with diabetes, 2013

Population

% receiving diabetes
eye exam

Ratio vs. White

Hawaiian

11.1

2.2

Filipino

12.0

2.4

Japanese

9.0

1.8

White

5.1

--

Source: Hawaii State Department of Health, 2015. BRFSS, 2013
http://www.hhdw.org Exit Disclaimer

 

At a glance – Prevalence Rate:

Nationa Diabetes Surveillance System
Data not available at this time.

At a glance – Death Rate:
National data not available at this time.

 

At a glance – Risk Factors

There are several risk factors related to diabetes. Some of these risk factors are:

Obesity and Overweight – See Obesity and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders

Hypertension – See Heart Disease and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders

High Cholesterol – See Heart Disease and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders

Cigarette Smoking – See Heart Disease and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders

At a Glance – Treatment:

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over with diabetes who had a foot examination, 2010

Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders

Non-Hispanic White

Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

85.0

68.0

1.3

Source: CDC 2016. Healthy People 2020 Database. Table D-9.
http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/Data/default.aspx

 

National Healthcare Quality Report
Data not available at this time.

BRFSS, REACH 2010 Surveys
National data not available at this time.

 

Hawaii State BRFSS

Percent of diabetic adults receiving diabetes eye exam, at least once a year, 2013

Population

% receiving diabetes
eye exam

Ratio vs. White

Hawaiian

21.8

1.2

Filipino

19.6

1.1

Japanese

10.6

0.6

White

18.2

--

Source: Hawaii State Department of Health, 2015. BRFSS, 2013
http://www.hhdw.org Exit Disclaimer

 

Percent of diabetic adults who have feet checked more than once per year, 2013

Population

% who check their feet

Ratio vs. White

Hawaiian

51.5

1.2

Filipino

50.5

1.1

Japanese

51.5

1.2

White

44.6

--

Source: Hawaii State Department of Health, 2015. BRFSS, 2013
http://www.hhdw.org Exit Disclaimer

 

Percent of diabetic adults who check their blood glucose levels daily, 2013

Population

% who check blood
glucose levels daily

Ratio vs. White

Hawaiian

60.1

1.0

Filipino

50.2

0.8

Japanese

44.1

0.7

White

60.4

--

Source: Hawaii State Department of Health, 2015. BRFSS, 2013
http://www.hhdw.org Exit Disclaimer

5/12/2016 2:58:00 PM