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Diabetes and Hispanic Americans

  • Hispanic adults are 1.7 times more likely than non-Hispanic white adults to have been diagnosed with diabetes by a physician.
  • In 2016, Hispanics were 2.6 times more likely to be hospitalized for treatment of end-stage renal disease related to diabetes, as compared to non-Hispanic whites.
  • In 2017, Hispanics were 1.4 times more likely than non-Hispanic whites to die from diabetes.

Diagnosed Cases of Diabetes

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over with diabetes, 2018
  Hispanic Non-Hispanic White Hispanic /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Men 14.3 8.7 1.6
Women 12.4 7.5 1.7
Total 13.2 8.0 1.7

Source: CDC 2019. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2018. Table A-4a.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

Age-adjusted percentage of adults age 18 and over diagnosed with diabetes, 2017
Hispanic White Hispanic / White
Ratio
12.5 8.0 1.6

Source: CDC 2019. National Diabetes Surveillance System.
https://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/diabetes/DiabetesAtlas.html

Age-adjusted percentage of diagnosed diabetes for adults age 18 and over, 2013-2015
  Hispanic Non-Hispanic White Hispanic / Non-
Hispanic White Ratio
Men 12.6 8.1 1.6
Women 11.7 6.8 1.7
Total 12.1 7.4 1.6

Source: CDC 2018. National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2017. Table 1c.
https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/data/statistics-report/index.html

Age-adjusted percentage of diagnosed diabetes for adults age 18 and over, 2013-2015
Population Percent Population / Non-
Hispanic White Ratio
Non-Hispanic White 7.4 --
Hispanic 12.1 1.6
Central/South American 8.5 1.1
Cuban 9.0 1.2
Mexican 13.8 1.9
Puerto Rican 12.0 1.6

Source: CDC 2018. National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2017. Table 1c.
https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/data/statistics-report/index.html

Death Rates

Age-adjusted diabetes death rates per 100,000 (2017)
  Hispanic Non-Hispanic White Hispanic /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Male 31.3 24.0 1.3
Female 20.9 14.6 1.4
Total 25.5 18.8 1.4

Source: CDC, 2019. National Vital Statistics Report. Vol. 68, No. 9. Table 10.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr68/nvsr68_09-508.pdf [PDF | 1.76MB]

Related Conditions

Age-adjusted percentage of visual impairment for adults with diabetes (2016)
Hispanic White Hispanic / White
Ratio
15.1 16.7 0.9

Source: Source: CDC 2019. National Diabetes Surveillance System.
https://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/diabetes/diabetesatlas.html

Hospital admissions per 100,000 for uncontrolled diabetes without complications, age 18 and over, 2016
Hispanic Non-Hispanic White Hispanic /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
38.8 36.8 1.1

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 5_4_1_1_1_.2a. [Accessed 12/05/2019]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query


Hospital admissions per 100,000 for lower extremity amputations, age 18 and over with diabetes, 2016
Hispanic Non-Hispanic White Hispanic /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
26.2 23.0 1.1

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 5_4_1_4_1.2a [Accessed 12/05/2019]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Age-adjusted incidence rate per million of end stage renal disease (ESRD) due to diabetes, 2016
Hispanic Non-Hispanic White Hispanic /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
302.6 116.8 2.6

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_3_6_1.2b [Accessed 12/05/2019]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) related to diabetes per 100,000 diabetic population, 2015
Hispanic White Hispanic /
White Ratio
214.2 175.3 1.2

Source: CDC 2019. National Diabetes Surveillance System.
https://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/diabetes/DiabetesAtlas.html

Risk Factors

There are several risk factors related to diabetes. Some of these risk factors are:

Obesity and Overweight – See Obesity and Hispanic Americans
Hypertension – See Heart Disease and Hispanic Americans
High Cholesterol – See Heart Disease and Hispanic Americans
Cigarette Smoking – See Heart Disease and Hispanic Americans

Treatment


Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had received an influenza immunization, 2016
Hispanic Non-Hispanic White Hispanic /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
62.6 62.0 1.0

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_1_5_1.2b [Accessed 12/05/2019]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had a foot examination, 2016
Hispanic Non-Hispanic White Hispanic /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
58.0 70.5 0.8

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_1_4_1.2b [Accessed 12/05/2019]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had a retinal eye examination, 2016
Hispanic Non-Hispanic White Hispanic /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
58.9 65.8 0.9

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_1_5_1.2b [Accessed 12/05/2019]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Age-adjusted percentage of adults age 40 and over with diagnosed diabetes who received 2 or more hemoglobin A1c measurements in the calendar year, 2016
Hispanic Non-Hispanic White Hispanic /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
73.5 77.3 1.0

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_1_2_1.2b [Accessed 12/05/2019]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

12/19/2019 10:11:00 AM