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Diabetes and African Americans

  • African American adults are 60 percent more likely than non-Hispanic white adults to have been diagnosed with diabetes by a physician.
  • In 2016, non-Hispanic blacks were 3.5 times more likely to be diagnosed with end stage renal disease as compared to non-Hispanic whites.
  • In 2016, non-Hispanic blacks were 2.3 times more likely to be hospitalized for lower limb amputations as compared to non-Hispanic whites.
  • In 2017, African Americans were twice as likely as non-Hispanic whites to die from diabetes.

Diagnosed Cases of Diabetes

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over with diabetes, 2018
  Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black / Non-
Hispanic White Ratio
Men 13.4 8.7 1.5
Women 12.7 7.5 1.7
Total 13.0 8.0 1.6

Source: CDC 2019. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2018. Table A-4a.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm


Age-adjusted percentage of adults age 18 and over diagnosed with diabetes, 2017
African American White African American /
White Ratio
10.9 8.0 1.4

Source: CDC 2019. National Diabetes Surveillance System.
https://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/diabetes/DiabetesAtlas.html


Age-adjusted percentage of diagnosed diabetes for adults age 18 and over, 2013-2015
  Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black / Non-
Hispanic White Ratio
Men 12.2 8.1 1.5
Women 13.2 6.8 1.9
Total 12.7 7.4 1.7

Source: CDC 2018. National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2017. Table 1c.
https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/data/statistics-report/index.html


Death Rates

Age-adjusted diabetes death rates per 100,000  (2017)
  Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Male 46.6 24.0 1.9
Female 32.8 14.6 2.2
Total 38.7 18.8 2.1

Source: CDC, 2019. National Vital Statistics Report. Vol. 68, No. 9. Table 10.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr68/nvsr68_09-508.pdf [PDF | 1.76MB]


Related Conditions

Age-adjusted percentage of visual impairment for adults with diabetes (2016)
African American White African American /
White Ratio
26.4 16.7 1.6

Source:  CDC 2019.  National Diabetes Surveillance System.
https://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/diabetes/DiabetesAtlas.html
  

Hospital admissions per 100,000 for uncontrolled diabetes without complications, age 18 and over, 2016
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
116.7 36.8 3.2

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 5_4_1_1_1_.2a. [Accessed 12/05/2019]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query


Hospital admissions per 100,000 for lower extremity amputations, age 18 and over with diabetes, 2016
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
53.5 23.0 2.3

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 5_4_1_4_1.2a [Accessed 12/05/2019]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query


Age-adjusted incidence rate per million of end stage renal disease (ESRD) due to diabetes, 2016
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
404.6 116.8 3.5

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_3_6_1.2b [Accessed 12/05/2019]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query


Incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) related to diabetes per 100,000 diabetic population, 2015
African American White African American /
White Ratio
340.2 175.3 1.9

Source: CDC 2019. National Diabetes Surveillance System.
https://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/diabetes/DiabetesAtlas.html


Risk Factors

There are several risk factors related to diabetes. Some of these risk factors are:

Obesity and Overweight - See Obesity and African Americans
Hypertension - See Heart Disease and African Americans
High Cholesterol - See Heart Disease and African Americans
Cigarette Smoking - See Heart Disease and African Americans


Treatment

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had received an influenza immunization, 2016
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
51.9 62.0 0.8

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_1_5_1.2b [Accessed 12/05/2019]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query


Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had a foot examination, 2016
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
66.1 70.5 0.9

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_1_4_1.2b [Accessed 12/05/2019]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query


Age-adjusted percentage of adults 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had a retinal eye examination, 2016
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
61.3 65.8 0.9

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_1_3_1.2b [Accessed 12/05/2019]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query


Age-adjusted percentage of adults age 40 and over with diagnosed diabetes who received 2 or more hemoglobin A1c measurements in the calendar year, 2016
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
73.6 77.7 0.9

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_1_2_1.2b [Accessed 12/05/2019]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

12/19/2019 10:18:00 AM