Sickle Cell Disease

People with sickle cell disease can live full lives and enjoy most of the activities that other people do. Prevention measures include finding good medical care, getting regular checkups, preventing infections, learning healthy habits, and participating in clinical trials. Visit OMH’s Sickle Cell Disease Initiative website to learn more about the disparities affecting the community. Use this page to learn more about famous Black men and women who helped advance the field and for resources on addressing sickle cell disease.

Contributions from Black Doctors & Scholars

William Warrick Cardozo, M.D. Exit Disclaimer (1905-1962) was a physician and pediatrician whose findings in sickle cell anemia concluded that the disease was largely familial and inherited. In addition, he discovered that sickle cell disease is found almost exclusively among people of African descent.


Roland Scott, M.D. Exit Disclaimer (1909-2002) was a pediatrician and pioneer in sickle cell research. Dr. Scott led other physicians in lobbying Congress to pass the Sickle Cell Anemia Control Act of 1971, which ensured nationwide funding for the research and treatment of sickle cell disease.

Suggested Reading



Federal Resources