Heart & Blood Disease

Research shows significant health benefits of an active and healthy lifestyle that incorporates even small amounts of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity throughout the day can help prevent heart disease, such as hypertension. Visit OMH’s Black/African American Population Profile to learn more about the disparities affecting the community. Use this page to learn more about famous Black men and women who helped advance the field and for resources on addressing heart and blood disease.

Contributions from Black Doctors & Scholars

Daniel Williams, M.D. (1856-1931) performed the first successful open-heart surgery and worked to create hospitals that accepted Black patients, including founding Provident Hospital.


Charles Drew, M.D. (1904-1950) was a surgeon who pioneered advances in blood plasma & transfusions that directly impacted medical care for soldiers in World War II.

Suggested Reading



Federal Resources