Heart & Blood Disease
Research shows significant health benefits of an active and healthy lifestyle that incorporates even small amounts of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity throughout the day can help prevent heart disease, such as hypertension. Visit OMH’s Black/African American Population Profile to learn more about the disparities affecting the community. Use this page to learn more about famous Black men and women who helped advance the field and for resources on addressing heart and blood disease.
Contributions from Black Doctors & Scholars
Daniel Williams, M.D. (1856-1931) performed the first successful open-heart surgery and worked to create hospitals that accepted Black patients, including founding Provident Hospital.
Charles Drew, M.D. (1904-1950) was a surgeon who pioneered advances in blood plasma & transfusions that directly impacted medical care for soldiers in World War II.
- Drew, C. R.  Banked Blood: A Study in Blood Preservation. [Doctoral dissertation, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University].
- Cornwell, E. E., 3rd, Chang, D. C., & Leffall, L. D., Jr (2006). The Southern Surgical Association History of Medicine Scholarship presentation: Dr. Charles Drew, a surgical pioneer. Annals of Surgery, 243(5), 612–618.
- Association of Black Cardiologists (ABC) Educational Resources
- Black Heart Association
- Find High Blood Pressure Tools and Resources