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Infant Mortality and American Indians/Alaska Natives

  • American Indian/Alaska Natives have 1.6 times the infant mortality rate as non-Hispanic whites.
  • American Indian/Alaska Native babies are 2.2 times as likely as non-Hispanic white babies to die from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
  • American Indian/Alaska Native infants were 2.5 times as likely as non-Hispanic white infants to have mothers who began prenatal care in the 3rd trimester or not receive prenatal care at all.

At a glance – Infant Mortality Rate:

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2009

American
Indian/Alaska
Native

Non-Hispanic White

All Races

American
Indian/Alaska
Native /Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

8.5

5.3

6.4

1.6

Source:  CDC 2013.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2009 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table A.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_08.pdf [PDF | 527KB]

 

At a glance – Leading Causes of Infant Mortality:

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the top 4 leading cause of death for American Indian/Alaska Native, 2009.  (Rates per 100,000 live births)

Cause of Death
(By rank)

# American
Indian/Alaska
Native
Deaths

American
Indian/Alaska
Native Death
Rate

#Non-
Hispanic
White
Deaths

Non-
Hispanic
White
Death
Rate

American
Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-
Hispanic
White Ratio

(1) Congenital malformations

85

157.5

2,638

119.2

1.3

(2) Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

58

119.2

1213

54.8

2.2

(3) Low-Birthweight

45

92.5

1,629

73.6

1.3

(4) Accidents (unintentional injuries)

32

65.8

682

30.8

2.1

Source:  CDC 2013.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2009 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_08.pdf [PDF | 527KB]

 

At a glance – Prenatal Care:

Percentage of mothers who received prenatal care starting in the 1st trimester, 2011

American
Indian/Alaska
Native

Non-Hispanic White

American Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic
White Ratio

81.0

85.7

0.9

Source: CDC, 2012.  2011 Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance.  Table 10
http://www.cdc.gov/pednss/pnss_tables/pdf/national_table10.pdf [PDF | 54KB]

 

Percentage of live births in which mother received prenatal care starting in the 3rd trimester or did not receive prenatal care at all, 2008*

American
Indian/Alaska
Native

Non-Hispanic White

American Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic
White Ratio

12.4

5.0

2.5

Source:  CDC 2012.  Health United States, 2011.  Table 5
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

 

At a glance – Characteristics of Mother:

Percentage of mothers who smoked cigarettes during the last 3 months of pregnancy, 2011

American
Indian/Alaska
Native

Non-Hispanic White

American Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic
White Ratio

15.2

22.0

0.7

Source:  CDC 2012.  2011 Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance.  Table 11
http://www.cdc.gov/pednss/pnss_tables/pdf/national_table11.pdf [PDF | 56KB]

 

Infant mortality rates among mothers 20 years of age and over, less than 12 years education, 2005*

American Indian/Alaska Native

Non-Hispanic White

American Indian/Alaska Native/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

10.2

9.3

1.1

Source:  CDC 2009.  Health United States, 2008.  Table 19
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus08.pdf [PDF | 12.2MB]

 

Infant mortality rates among mothers 20 years of age and over, with over 13 years education, 2005*

American Indian/Alaska Native

Non-Hispanic White

American Indian/Alaska Native/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

6.4

4.1

1.6

Source:  CDC 2009.  Health United States, 2008.  Table 19
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus08.pdf [PDF | 12.2MB]

 

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2009

Age of mother

American
Indian/Alaska
Native

Non-Hispanic White

American
Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Under 20 years

9.1

8.9

1.0

20-24 years

9.7

6.6

1.5

25-29 years

7.0

4.7

1.5

30-34 years

8.1

4.1

2.0

35-39 years

--

4.7

--

40-54 years

---

6.3

--

Source:  CDC 2013.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2009 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_08.pdf [PDF | 563KB]

* More recent data is not available from the CDC at this time.

 


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Content Last Modified: 7/29/2013 9:35:00 AM
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