About the Glossary
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The HPBG offers a compilation and review of existing prevention terminology. The unique contribution of this reference tool is its focus on HIV/AIDS prevention language from a multidisciplinary perspective. Existing glossaries mostly concentrate on medical and technical language. This glossary contains commonly used terms from various domains of HIV prevention, such as clinical, medical, social, behavioral, and educational. It also includes programmatic, technical assistance, capacity building, and organizational management language, since these areas are an essential part of everyday operations at non-profit, government, and privately-funded HIV prevention programs. Through this compilation, the authors aim to help improve communication in this field and to demonstrate the complex and multidisciplinary nature of disease prevention work.
The use of the glossary is entirely voluntary. The HPBG initiates the conversation for standardizing the translation of HIV/AIDS prevention terminology in this country and abroad. Its content is not exhaustive by any means, but it is an attempt to compile the wealth of terms that are used every day in HIV prevention work.
Language barriers in the United States are often perceived from one perspective, that consumers lack the necessary English language skills to properly access services. Yet, access issues are not exclusive to individuals or communities; they are also structural, systemic barriers within the health system. The development of the HPBG responds to Recommendations on National Standards for Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services (CLAS), Standard No. 7 on Language Access Services: to "develop national standards or guidelines for the translation of health-related materials."1 This material is also a response to the disproportionate number of Latinos / Hispanics living with AIDS in the U.S. (19%), who constitute the racial/ethnic population with the second highest rate of HIV/AIDS cases (27.8 per 100,000). 2
The HPBG is a collaborative effort to provide linguistic support to individuals and organizations working with Spanish-speaking populations in the United States.
Partners for the development of this glossary include the Office of Minority Health Resource Center (OMHRC) under the Office of Minority Health (OMH) at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS) at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) represented by the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention (DHAP) and the Hispanic Leadership Executive Committee (HLEC) at the CDC National Center for HIV, STD, & TB Prevention (NCHSTP) and the CDC Multilingual Services, the National Council of La Raza (NCLR)/ California State University Long Beach (CSULB) Center for Latino Community Health, Evaluation & Leadership Training, as well as HIV/AIDS professionals and expert translators.
This glossary contains HIV prevention terms that may not be appropriate for all audiences. If you are not seeking such information or may be offended by these terms, please do not review this glossary. Since HIV infection is spread primarily through sexual practices or by sharing needles, prevention terminology may address these topics. This glossary has been through a review process with HIV prevention experts at national conferences, OMHRC, UCSF, and NCLR. However, content may be considered controversial by some audiences.1 Office of Minority Health. National Standards for Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services in Health Care, Final Report U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, March 2001. Washington, D.C.
1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 2005. Vol. 17. Rev ed. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2007.
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