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Chronic Liver Disease and Hispanic Americans

Among the Hispanic/Latino population, chronic liver disease is a leading cause of death. While the cause is not always known, some cases can be initiated by conditions such as chronic alcoholism, obesity, and exposure to Hepatitis B and C viruses.
  • In 2009, chronic liver disease was the sixth leading cause of death for all Hispanic men, and the third leading cause of death for Hispanic men, ages 55-64. 1
  • Both Hispanic men and women have a chronic liver disease rate that is twice that of the White population.
  • Hispanic men and women are 1.7 and 1.8 times more likely to die respectively from liver and IBD cancer than their White counterparts.

At a glance – Cancer Rates for Hispanic (2005-2009):

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Men

Cancer

Hispanic Men

Non-Hispanic White Men

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

All Sites

402.0

564.7

0.7

Liver & IBD*

17.3

8.8

2.0



Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Women

Cancer

Hispanic Women

Non-Hispanic White Women

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

All Sites

324.1

439.0

0.7

Liver & IBD*

6.7

2.9

2.3

*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source:  : NCI 2012. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2009. Tables 2.15, and 14.15
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2009_pops09/results_single/sect_02_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.4KB]
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2009_pops09/results_single/sect_14_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.3KB]

At a glance – Diagnosed:

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have been told by a doctor that they have chronic liver disease, 2010

Hispanic

Mexican American

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Mexican American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

1.9

1.9

1.3

1.5

1.5

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010. Table 8.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf [PDF | 1.5MB]

At a glance – Death Rate:

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Men (2005-2009)

Cancer

Hispanic Men

Non-Hispanic White Men

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Liver & IBD*

11.8

7.0

1.7



Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Women (2005-2009)

Cancer

Hispanic Women

Non-Hispanic White Women

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Liver & IBD*

5.3

2.9

1.8

*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source:  NCI 2012. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2009. Table 14.15
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2009_pops09/results_single/sect_14_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.3KB]

Age-Adjusted Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis Death Rates per 100,000 (2009)

Hispanic

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

13.9

9.1

1.5

Source:  CDC 2012. Deaths: Final Data for 2009. Table 16 and Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr60/nvsr60_03.pdf [PDF | 2MB]


1CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS).
http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/fatal.html


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Content Last Modified: 8/24/2012 10:11:00 AM
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