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Diabetes and African Americans

African Americans are twice as likely to be diagnosed with diabetes as non-Hispanic whites. In addition, they are more likely to suffer complications from diabetes, such as end-stage renal disease and lower extremity amputations. Although African Americans have the same or lower rate of high cholesterol as their non-Hispanic white counterparts, they are more likely to have high blood pressure.

  • African American adults are 70 percent more likely than non-Hispanic white adults to have been diagnosed with diabetes by a physician.
  • In 2008, African American men were 2.7 times as likely to start treatment for end-stage renal disease related to diabetes, as compared to non-Hispanic white men.
  • In 2008, diabetic African Americans were 1.7 times as likely as diabetic Whites to be hospitalized.
  • In 2010, African Americans were 2.2 times as likely as non-Hispanic Whites to die from diabetes.

At a glance – Diagnosed Cases of Diabetes:

Age-adjusted percentages of persons 18 years of age and over with diabetes, 2011 (National Health Interview Survey, NHIS)

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

12.7

7.3

1.7

Source:  CDC 2012.  Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011.  Table 8.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.1MB]

 

At a glance – Prevalence Rate:

Age-adjusted prevalence of diagnosed diabetes per 100 population (2011)

 

African Americans

White

African Americans/
White Ratio

Men

9.9

6.5

1.5

Women

9.0

5.4

1.7

Total

9.3

5.9

1.6

Source:  CDC 2013.  National Diabetes Surveillance System.
http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics/prev/national/menuage.htm

 

Age-adjusted prevalence of visual impairment per 100 adults with diabetes (2011)

 

African Americans

White

African Americans/
White Ratio

Men

19.9

16.0

1.2

Women

21.4

18.3

1.2

Total

20.7

17.1

1.2

Source:  CDC 2013.  National Diabetes Surveillance System.
http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics/visual/fig5.htm

 

Rate of initiation of treatment for end-stage renal disease related to diabetes per 100,000 diabetic population (2008)

 

African Americans

White

African Americans/
White Ratio

Men and Women

368.7

151.7

2.4

Men

461.7

170.7

2.7

Women

304.9

131.5

2.3

Source:  CDC 2013.  National Diabetes Surveillance System.
http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics/esrd/fig5.htm

 

Age-adjusted hospital discharge rate per 1,000 diabetic population, 2009

African Americans

White

African Americans/
White Ratio

265.6

160.5

1.7

Source:  CDC 2013.  National Diabetes Surveillance System.
http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics/dmany/fig6.htm

 

Age-adjusted rate for lower extremity amputation per 1,000 diabetic population, 2009

African Americans

White

African Americans/
White Ratio

4.5

2.3

2.0

Source:  CDC 2013.  National Diabetes Surveillance System.
http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics/lea/fig6.htm

 

At a glance – Death Rate:

Age-Adjusted Diabetes Death Rates per 100,000 (2010)

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Male

44.6

22.3

2.0

Female

35.9

14.9

2.4

Total

39.6

18.2

2.2

Source: CDC, 2013. National Vital Statistic Report. Vol. 61, Num 4 Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_04.pdf [PDF | 3MB]

 

At a Glance – Risk Factors:

There are several risk factors related to diabeties. Some of these risk factors are:

Obesity and Overweight - See Obesity and African Americans

Hypertension - See Heart Disease and African Americans

High Cholesterol - See Heart Disease and African Americans

Cigarette Smoking - See Heart Disease and African Americans

 

At a Glance – Treatment:

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had received an influenza immunization, 2009.

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

46.6

60.1

0.8

Source:  2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table T2_4_1_5-2b
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had a foot examination, 2009.

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

65.2

66.6

1.0

Source:  2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table T2_4_1_4-2b
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had a retinal eye examination, 2009

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

55.3

61.3

0.9

Source:  2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 2_4_1_3-2b
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html


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Content Last Modified: 4/25/2014 1:30:00 PM
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