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HIV/AIDS Awareness Days


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HIV/AIDS and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders

  • While Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (NHOPI) represent 0.2% of the total population in the United States, the AIDS case rate for NHOPI was twice that of the White population in 2011.
  • In 2011, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders were 2.2 times more likely to be diagnosed with HIV infection, as compared to the White population.
  • In most of the U.S. Pacific Territories, the HIV infection rate is higher than the national rate for Whites.

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases (Adults and Children):

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2011

 

# Cases

Rate

NHOPI/
White Ratio

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander males

70

34.2

2.4

White males

12,041

14.5

 

 

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander females

8

3.9

2.0

White females

1,776

2.0

 

 

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (both sexes)

78

15.3

2.2

White (both sexes)

13,846

7.0

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 3a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases and Rates (Children <13 years)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2011

 

# Cases

Rate

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

0

0

White

29

0.1

Total Population

192

0.4

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 5a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

Estimated number of cases of HIV infection by year of diagnosis, 2011

 

# Cases

% of total cases

NHOPI

78

0.2

White

13,846

28%

Total Population

49,273

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 1a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

Estimated number of persons living with HIV infection by year, 2010

 

# Cases

Rate

NHOPI / White Ratio

NHOPI

894

178.9

1.2

White

295,463

149.7

--

Total Population

872,990

282.2

--

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 15a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases by Transmission (Adults):

Estimated number of male adults or adolescents (>13 years) living with HIV infection year-end 2010, by transmission category

Transmission

# NHOPI Cases

% of NHOPI Cases

# White Cases

% of White Cases

Male-to-male sexual contact

598

83%

205,195

81%

Heterosexual contact

45

6%

9,299

4%

Injection drug use

30

4%

16,4444

6%

Male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use

47

6%

21,689

9%

Other

3

0.4%

1,729

0.7%

Estimated Total

724

 

254,874

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 17a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

Estimated % of female adults or adolescents (>13 years) living with HIV infection year-end 2010 by transmission

Transmission

# NHOPI Cases

% of NHOPI Cases

# White Cases

% of White Cases

Heterosexual contact

129

78%

25,762

65%

Injection drug use

27

16%

13,382

33%

Other

4

2%

586

1%

Estimated Total

168

 

40,270

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 17a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases and Rates (Adults):

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2011

 

# Cases

Rate(per 100,000)

NHOPI/White Ratio

NHOPI males

40

19.7

2.3

White males

7,101

8.6

 

 

NHOPI females

7

3.4

2.4

White females

1,202

1.4

 

 

NHOPI (both sexes)

47

9.3

2.2

White (both sexes)

8,304

4.2

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 4a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases and Rates(Children <13 years old):

Estimated number of cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2011

 

# Cummulative Cases

# Cases

Rate (per 100,000 population)

NHOPI

7

0

0

White

1,596

1

0.0

Total Population

9,521

15

0.0

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 6a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases (Adults and Children):

Estimated number of cases of AIDS by year of diagnosis, 2011

 

Cumulative # Cases

# Cases

% of total cases

NHOPI

883

47

0.1%

White

435,613

8,304

26%

Total Population

1,155,792

32,052

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 2a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – Death Rate:

  • National data not available at this time.

     

    At a glance – AIDS Deaths:

    Estimated number of deaths, and death rates, of persons with AIDS by year of death, 2010

     

    Rate

    Cumulative # Deaths

    # Deaths

    NHOPI / White Ratio

    NHOPI

    2.1

    357

    10

    0.9

    White

    2.4

    265,052

    4,668

    --

    Total Population

    5.0

    636,048

    15,529

    --

    Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 12a.
    http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

     

    At a glance – HIV Testing:

    Age-adjusted percent of HIV testing status among persons 18 years of age and over, 2011

     

    Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific
    Islander

    Non-Hispanic White

    NHOPI/
    Non-Hispanic White Ratio

    Ever tested

    33.4

    33.6

    1.0

    Never tested

    66.6

    66.4

    1.0

    Source: CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 41.
    http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF |3.12MB]

    At a glance – HIV Cases - Pacific Territories:

    Estimated number of cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV, 2009 (U.S. Territories)

    Region

    Number of HIV/AIDS cases, Cummulative

    HIV Cummulative Rate

    U.S. National-White

    --

    7.0

    U.S. All Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander

    --

    15.3

    American Samoa

    3

    4.6

    Federated States of Micronesia

    37

    33.4

    Guam

    196

    107.6

    Northern Mariana Islands

    34

    53.9

    Republic of Palau

    9

    44.1

    Republic of Marshall Islands

    22

    40.6

    *Data represents all ages in the United States, 2009 only. Comparable data is not available; this is for illustration only.

    Source: Secretariate of the Public Community 2010. Cummulative reported HIV, AIDS and AIDS deaths: cases, incidence rates and gender, 2009.
    http://www.spc.int/hiv/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=378&itemid=148 [PDF |23KB]

    Source(U.S. National): CDC 2011. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV infection and AIDS in the United States abd Dependent Areas, 2009, v.21. Table 1a.
    http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2009report/pdf/2009SurveillanceReport.pdf [PDF | 7MB]

     

    At a glance – HIV Infection Cases – Pacific Territories:

    Estimated number persons living with HIV infection, by area of residence 2010

     

    Cumulative # Cases

    # Cases

    Rate

    NHOPI (U.S.)

     

    892

    223.6

    American Somoa

     

    2

    4.7

    Guam

     

    87

    72.0

    Northern Mariana Islands

     

    14

    34.0

    Republic of Palau

     

    4

    24.7

    White National (U.S.)

     

    295,146

    174.2

    Total Population (U.S.)

     

    870,096

    339.4

    Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 21.
    http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

     

    At a glance – AIDS Cases – Pacific Territory

    Estimated number of AIDS cases and rates, by area of residence, 2011

     

    Cumulative # Cases

    # Cases

    Rate

    NHOPI (U.S.)

    883

    47

    9.3

    American Somoa

    1

    0

    0.0

    Guam

    87

    4

    2.2

    Northern Mariana Islands

    7

    3

    5.8

    Republic of Palau

    3

    0

    0.0

    White National (U.S.)

    435,613

    8,304

    4.2

    Total Population (U.S.)

    1,155,792

    32,052

    10.3

    Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 20 and Table 2a.
    http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 1.79MB]


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  • Content Last Modified: 8/20/2013 3:01:00 PM
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