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Infant Mortality/SIDS and Hispanic Americans

Among Hispanic Americans, the infant mortality rate ranges from 4.5 per 1,000 live births for Central and South americans to 7.2 per 1,000 live births for Puerto Ricans.  Puerto Rican Americans have a 40% higher infant mortality rate as compared to non-Hispanic Whites.  Hispanic mothers were almost twice as more likely to begin prenatal care in the 3rd trimester or not receive prenatal care at all as compared to non-Hispanic white mothers.
  • In 2009, Puerto Ricans had 1.4 times the infant mortality rate of non-Hispanic whites.
  • Puerto Rican infants were twice as likely to die from causes related to low birthweight, compared to non-Hispanic white infants.
  • Mexican American mothers were 1.9 times as likely as non-Hispanic white mothers to begin prenatal care in the 3rd trimester, or not receive prenatal care at all.

At a glance – Infant Mortality Rate:

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2009

Race of Mother

Infant mortality rate

Ratio vs. Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic White

5.3

--

Total Hispanic

5.3

1.0

Mexican

5.1

1.0

Puerto Rican

7.2

1.4

Cuban

5.8

1.1

Central and South American

4.5

0.8

Source:  CDC 2013.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2009 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table A.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_08.pdf [PDF | 527KB]

 

At a glance – Leading Causes of Infant Mortality:

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the top 4 leading cause of death for Hispanics/Latinos, 2009.  (Rates per 100,000 live births)

Cause of Death
(By rank)

# Total
Hispanic
Deaths

Hispanic
Death
Rate

#Non-
Hispanic
White
Deaths

Non-
Hispanic
White
Death
Rate

Hispanic/
Non-
Hispanic
White
Ratio

(1) Congenital malformations

1,374

137.5

2,638

119.2

1.2

(2) Low-Birthweight

848

84.8

1,629

73.6

1.2

(3) Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

285

28.5

1,213

54.8

0.5

(4) Maternal complications

282

28.2

682

30.8

0.9

Source:  CDC 2013.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2009 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_08.pdf [PDF | 527KB]

 

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the top 4 leading cause of death for Mexican Americans, 2009.  (Rates per 100,000 live births)

Cause of Death
(By rank)

#
Mexican
Deaths

Mexican
Death
Rate

Non-
Hispanic
White
Death
Rate

Mexican/
Non-
Hispanic
White
Ratio

(1) Congenital malformations

949

147.1

119.2

1.2

(2) Low-Birthweight

474

73.5

73.6

1.0

(3) Maternal complications

173

26.8

30.8

0.9

(4) Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

166

25.7

54.8

0.5

Source:  CDC 2013.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2009 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_08.pdf [PDF | 527KB]

 

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the top 4 leading cause of death for Puerto Rican Americans, 2009.  (Rates per 100,000 live births)

Cause of Death
(By rank)

# Puerto
Rican
Deaths

Puerto
Rican
Death
Rate

Non-
Hispanic
White
Death
Rate

Puerto
Rican/
Non-
Hispanic
White
Ratio

(1) Low-Birthweight

113

165.0

73.6

2.2

(2) Congenital malformations

69

100.8

119.2

0.8

(3) Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

35

51.1

54.8

0.9

(4) Maternal complications

34

49.6

30.8

1.6

Source:  CDC 2013.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2009 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_08.pdf [PDF | 527KB]

 

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the leading cause of death for Central and South Americans, 2009.  (Rates per 100,000 live births)

Cause of Death
(By rank)

#
Central/South
American
Deaths

Central/South
American Death Rate

Non-
Hispanic
White
Death
Rate

Central/South
American/
Non-Hispanic
White Ratio

(1) Congenital malformations

174

117.1

119.2

1.0

(2) Low-Birthweight

119

80.1

73.6

1.1

(3) Maternal Complications

34

22.9

30.8

0.7

(6) Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

31

20.9

54.8

0.4

Source:  CDC 2013.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2009 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_08.pdf [PDF | 527KB]

 

At a glance – Prenatal Care:

Percentage of mothers who received prenatal care starting in the 1st trimester, 2011

Race of Mother

% Received Prenatal Care

Ratio vs. Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic White

85.7

--

Total Hispanic

82.6

1.0

Source:  CDC 2012.  2011 Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance.  Table 10
http://www.cdc.gov/pednss/pnss_tables/pdf/national_table10.pdf [PDF | 54KB]

Percentage of live births in which mother received prenatal care starting in the 3rd trimester or did not receive prenatal care at all, 2008*

Race of Mother

% Received Late or No
Prenatal Care

Ratio vs. Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic White

5.0

--

Total Hispanic

9.1

1.8

Mexican

9.6

1.9

Puerto Rican

7.3

1.5

Cuban

3.1

0.6

Central and South American

8.8

1.8

Source:  CDC 2012.  Health United States, 2011.  Table 5
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

 

At a glance – Characteristics of Mother:

Percentage of mothers who smoked cigarettes during the last 3 months of pregnancy, 2011

Race of Mother

% Mothers Who Smoked

Ratio vs. Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic White

22.0

--

Total Hispanic

2.1

0.1

Source:  CDC 2012.  2011 Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance.  Table 11
http://www.cdc.gov/pednss/pnss_tables/pdf/national_table11.pdf [PDF | 56KB]

 

Infant mortality rates among mothers 20 years of age and over, less than 12 years education, 2005*

Hispanic

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

5.2

9.3

0.6

Source:  CDC 2008.  Health United States, 2008.  Table 19
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus08.pdf [PDF | 12.2MB]

 

Infant mortality rates among mothers 20 years of age and over, with over 13 years education, 2005*

Hispanic

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

4.6

4.1

1.1

Source:  CDC 2008.  Health United States, 2008.  Table 19
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus08.pdf [PDF | 12.2MB]

 

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births (All Hispanic Americans), 2009

Age of mother

Total Hispanic

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Under 20 years

6.4

8.9

0.7

20-24 years

5.2

6.6

0.8

25-29 years

4.8

4.7

1.0

30-34 years

4.7

4.1

1.1

35-39 years

5.6

4.7

1.2

40-54 years

9.1

6.3

1.4

Source:  CDC 2013.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2009 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_08.pdf [PDF | 527KB]

 

* More recent data is not available from the CDC at this time.

 


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Content Last Modified: 7/29/2013 9:36:00 AM
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