Skip Navigation

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services
OMH Logo US Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health The Office of Minority Health 1-800-444-6472
OMH Home | En Español
About OMH
Disparities Efforts
Our Services
Offices of Minority Health
Campaigns/Initiatives
Press Releases
Calendar
Employment
Publications
Federal Clearinghouses
Research
Performance/Evaluation
Search Library Catalog
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health (OASH) Home

We're in!

We support health equity for all Americans.

National Partnership for Action logo

Office of Minority Health on Twitter

FYI ... Money & MoreFYI ...
Money & More

Join Our Mailing ListKeep Informed!
Join Our Mailing List

Image of a person asking a questionNeed Help?
Contact Us

HIV/AIDS Awareness Days


Email Updates E-mail subscriptions envelope OMH Content

Heart Disease and American Indians/Alaska Natives

American Indians/Alaska Natives, on average, are more likely to be diagnosed with heart disease than their white counterparts. In addition, American Indians/Alaska Native adults are more likely to be obese than white adults, more likely to have high blood pressure, and they are more likely to be current cigarette smokers than white adults - all risk factors for heart disease

  • American Indian/Alaska Native adults are 50 percent more likely as White adults to be current cigarette smokers.
  • American Indian/Alaska Native adults are 1.3 times as likely as White adults to have high blood pressure.

 

At a glance – Diagnosed Cases of Coronary Heart Disease:

Age-adjusted percentages of coronary heart disease among persons 18 years of age and over, 2011

American Indian/
Alaska Native
(2 or more races)

Non-Hispanic White

American Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

7.2

6.3

1.1

Source: CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]

 

At a glance – Death Rate:

Age-Adjusted Heart Disease Death Rates per 100,000 (2010)

 

American
Indians/Alaska
Natives

Non-Hispanic
White

American
Indians/Alaska
Natives/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Men

158.7

226.9

0.7

Women

103.5

142.5

0.7

Total

128.6

179.9

0.7

Source:  CDC 2013. National Vital Statistics Report. Vol. 61, Num 4 Tables 16 and 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_04.pdf [PDF | 3MB]

 

At a Glance – Risk Factors:

There are several factors related to diabetes. Some of these risk factors are:

Obesity and Overweight – See Obesity and American Indians/Native Americans

 

Hypertension

NHANES data is not available.

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have high blood pressure, 2004-2008.

 

American
Indian/Alaska
Native

Non-Hispanic White

American
Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Men and Women

34.5

25.7

1.3

Men

38.7

26.7

1.4

Women

30.2

24.7

1.2

Source: CDC 2010. Health Characteristics of the American Indian and Alaska Native Adult Population: United States, 2004-2008. Table 4.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhsr/nhsr020.pdf [PDF | 304KB]

Percent of adults age 18 and over with hypertension whose blood pressure is under control
Not available at this time.

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have high blood pressure, 2011. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)

American Indian/
Alaska Native

Non-Hispanic White

American Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

25.8

23.6

1.1

Source: CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]

 

High Cholesterol

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 20 years of age and over who have high cholesterol
Not available at this time.

 

Adults who received a blood cholesterol measurement in the last 5 years, 2008

American Indian/
Alaska Natives

Non-Hispanic
White

American Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

66.5

74.1

0.9

Source: 2011 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table T2_2_1_3-1_2a and 2b.
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html

 

BRFSS

Age-adjusted percent of adults told by a health-care provider that they had high blood cholesterol, 2003

American Indian/
Alaska Natives

Non-Hispanic
White

American Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

31.2

31.5

1.0

Source: CDC 2005. Trends in Cholesterol Screening and Awareness of High Blood Cholesterol – United States, 1991-2003. MMWR 54(35): 865-870, Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5435.pdf [PDF | 631KB]


 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are current cigarette smokers, 2011

American Indian/
Alaska Natives
(2 or more races)

Non-Hispanic
White

American Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

32.7

21.2

1.5

Source: CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults 2011. Table 25.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]



Age-Adjusted Percent of persons 18+ who currently smoke, 2009 - 2011

 

American Indian/Alaska Natives
(2 or more races)

Non-Hispanic White

American Indian/Alaska Natives /Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Male

31.6

23.2

1.4

Women

29.9

19.4

1.5

Source:  CDC 2013. Health United States, 2012. Table 56.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus12.pdf [PDF | 9.65MB]



Percentage of current smokers age 18 and over with a checkup who reported receiving advice to quit smoking
Not available at this time.

At a Glance – Treatment:

Hospital patients with heart attack who were prescribed ACE inhibitor or ARB at discharge, United States, 2010

American Indians/
Alaska Natives

White

American Indians/Alaska
Natives/White Ratio

92.5

94.4

1.0

Source:  2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table T2_2_3_1-1
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html


You will need Adobe Acrobat® Reader™ to view PDF files located on this site. If you do not already have Adobe Acrobat® Reader™, you can download here for free. Exit Disclaimer



Content Last Modified: 4/29/2014 3:05:00 PM
OMH Home  |  HHS Home  |  USA.gov  |  Disclaimer  |  Privacy Policy  |  HHS FOIA  |  Accessibility  |  Plain Writing Act  |  Site Map  |  Contact Us  |  Viewers & Players

Office of Minority Health
Toll Free: 1-800-444-6472 / Fax: 301-251-2160
Email: info@minorityhealth.hhs.gov

Provide Feedback