Name of OMH Grant Program: Curbing HIV/AIDS Transmission Among High-Risk Minority Youth and Adolescents (CHAT)
Initial Year of Funding: FY 2009
Project Period (Number of Years): 3
- Grantee Organization Name: Indigenous Peoples Task Force
- Organization Address (Street, City, State, Zip): 3109 Minnehaha Avenue South #150, Minneapolis, MN 55406
- Organization website URL (if any): http://www.indigenouspeoplestf.org/
- Brief Description of the Organization: Indigenous Peoples Task Force (IPTF) was created in 1990 and has over 20 years of experience providing culturally appropriate and effective prevention and/or direct services for youth in the areas of HIV/AIDS prevention, substance abuse prevention, and tobacco cessation.
GRANT PROJECT INFORMATION
- Title of Grant Project: Native CHAT/Ikidowin Program
- Amount of OMH Award: $240,845
- Name of Project Director: Sharon M. Day
Brief Description of the Grant Project
The Native CHAT/Ikidown Project was developed to address the disproportionately high rates of HIV/AIDS among American Indians and, in particular, among adolescent and young adult American Indians. This project was aimed at reducing the risks of becoming infected with HIV/AIDS among high-risk American Indian youth in the Minneapolis/St.Paul area, particularly those who were in alternative schools and/or who were involved in the child welfare system. The project utilized a peer-education approach, in which youth were trained about HIV/AIDS and other youth health issues through a comprehensive health education curriculum, and then supported to reach out to their peers using digital media and social networking outreach methods to educate others about HIV/AIDS and to encourage them to get tested. The curriculum used had three components: the first involved educating participants; the second trained the youth to use social networking to reach other youth; and the third involved promoting and providing HIV testing for American Indian adolescents and young adults.
The intended outcomes for the program included increasing awareness and knowledge of substance abuse and HIV/AIDS, increasing positive attitudes and behaviors around substance abuse and HIV/AIDS, and strengthening community partnerships. Specifically, the program wanted 45 recruited young people to complete the Peer Education Program which included 24 sessions; three cohorts of participants to complete 32, two-hour program sessions; and to reach 100 youth through outreach activities and testing events.
The Native CHAT program engaged in process and outcome evaluation activities. The process evaluation included detailing the numbers of activities and participants in the program, and the number of individuals reached through outreach activities and testing. The outcome evaluation included a pre-/post-test to assess change in knowledge, attitudes and behaviors among youth participating in the program. The evaluation also consisted of a focus group, conducted twice a year, to gather qualitative information about what the youth were learning and how they were feeling about or responding to the peer-educator activities involving new and digital media.
Key program findings reported throughout the grant period:
- Increased awareness of HIV status.Over the course of the project, 320 youth had been tested for HIV and made aware of their HIV status.
- Increased youth knowledge about HIV and AIDS.In a pre-/post-test survey (N=80), 83 percent of youth reported that they knew where to go for HIV testing compared to only 49 percent at the start of the program. On a 25-item questionnaire, the average number of correct answers increased from 14.6 to 17.5.
- Changed youth behavior (i.e. increased safe sex practices). An increase from 63 percent to 78 percent of sexually active youth reported that they had not used alcohol or other drugs before having sex. Additionally, 50 percent of youth reported that they felt more comfortable talking with friends about HIV.
RELATED NATIONAL PARTNERSHIP FOR ACTION TO END HEALTH DISPARITIES GOALS
- Awareness: Increase awareness of the significance of health disparities, their impact on the nation, and the actions necessary to improve health outcomes for racial, ethnic, and other disparities population.
- Leadership: Strengthen and broaden leadership for addressing health disparities at all levels.
- Health System and Life Experience: Improve health and healthcare outcomes for racial and ethnic minorities and for underserved populations and communities.
RELATED HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 OBJECTIVES & SUBOBJECTIVES
- AH-2 Increase the proportion of adolescents who participate in extracurricular and out-of-school activities
- HIV-3 Reduce the rate of HIV transmission among adolescents and adults
- HIV-4 Reduce new AIDS cases among adolescents and adults
- HIV-13 Increase the proportion of persons living with HIV who know their serostatus
- HIV-14.1 Increase the proportion of adolescents and adults who have been tested for HIV in the past 12 months
- HIV-14.4 Increase the proportion of adolescents and young adults who have been tested for HIV in the past 12 months
- HIV-17.1 Increase the proportion of sexually active unmarried females aged 15 to 44 years who use condoms
- HIV-17.2 Increase the proportion of sexually active unmarried males aged 15 to 44 years who use condoms
- STD-6.1 Reduce gonorrhea rates among females aged 15 to 44 years
- STD-6.2 Reduce gonorrhea rates among males aged 15 to 44 years