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Heart Disease and African Americans

Although African American adults are 40 percent more likely to have high blood pressure,they are about 20% less likely than their non-Hispanic White counterparts to have their blood pressure under control.

  • In 2010, African Americans were 30 percent more likely to die from heart disease, as compared to non-Hispanic Whites.
  • African American women are 1.6 times as likely as non-Hispanic White women to have high blood pressure.

At a glance – Diagnosed Cases of Coronary Heart Disease:

Age-adjusted percentages of coronary heart disease among persons 18 years of age and over, 2011

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

7.0

6.3

1.1

Source:  CDC 2012.  Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011.  Table 2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]

At a glance – Death Rate:

Age-Adjusted Heart Disease Death Rates per 100,000 (2010)

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Men

286.3

226.9

1.3

Women

189.1

142.5

1.3

Total

229.5

179.9

1.3

Source:  CDC, 2013. National Vital Statistics Report. Vol. 61, Num 4 Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_04.pdf [PDF | 3MB]

At a Glance – Risk Factors:

There are several risk factors related to heart disease. Some of these risk factors are:

Obesity and Overweight – See Obesity and African Americans

Hypertension

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 20 years of age and over who have high blood pressure, 2007-2010. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Men

40.5

31.1

1.3

Women

44.3

28.1

1.6

Source:  CDC 2013 Health United States, 2012. Table 64.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus12.pdf [PDF | 9.65MB]

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have high blood pressure, 2011. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)

African Americans

Non-Hispanic White

African Americans /Non-Hispanic White Ratio

33.8

23.6

1.4

Source:  CDC 2012.  Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011.  Table 2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]

 

Percent of adults age 18 and over with hypertension whose blood pressure is under control, 2007-2010

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

41.2

49.7

0.8

Source:  2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table T2_2_1_2-1
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html

 

High Cholesterol

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 20 years of age and over who have high cholesterol, 2007-2010.

 

African American

Non-Hispanic White

African
American/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Men

25.4

28.1

0.9

Women

25.6

27.4

0.9

Source:  CDC 2013. Health United States, 2012. Table 65.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus12.pdf [PDF | 9.65MB]

 

Adults who received a blood cholesterol measurement in the last 5 years, 2008

African American

Non-Hispanic White

African
American/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

76.9

74.1

1.0

Source:  CDC 2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table T2_2_1_3-1_2b
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html

 

Cigarette Smoking

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are current cigarette smokers, 2009-2011.

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Men

24.3

23.2

1.0

Women

17.3

19.4

0.9

Source:  CDC, 2013. Health United States, 2012 Table 56.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus12.pdf [PDF | 9.65MB]

 

Percentage of current smokers age 18 and over with a checkup who reported receiving advice to quit smoking, 2009

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Men

59.0

66.3

0.9

Women

61.5

73.8

0.8

Total

60.5

70.5

0.9

Source:  2013 National Healthcare Quality Report. Table T2_10_1_1-1_2b.
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html

 

At a Glance – Treatment:

Hospital patients with heart attack who were prescribed ACE inhibitor or ARB at discharge, United States, 2010

Black

White

Black/
White Ratio

96.1

94.4

1.0

Source:  2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table T2_2_3_1-1
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html


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Content Last Modified: 7/22/2014 9:35:00 AM
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