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Chronic Liver Disease and African Americans

Among African Americans, chronic liver disease is a leading cause of death. While the cause is not always known, some cases can be initiated by conditions such as chronic alcoholism, obesity, and exposure to Hepatitis B and C viruses.
  • In 2009, chronic liver disease was the eighth leading cause of death for non-Hispanic Blacks, 45-54 years old. 1
  • African American men are 70% more likely to have liver and IBD cancer than non-Hispanic White men.
  • African American women are 1.4 times more likely to die from liver and IBD cancer than non-Hispanic White women.

At a glance – Cancer Rates for African Americans (2005-2009):

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Men

Cancer

African American Men

Non-Hispanic White Men

African American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

All Sites

627.1

564.7

1.1

Liver & IBD*

14.9

8.8

1.7



Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Women

Cancer

African American Women

Non-Hispanic White Women

African American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

All Sites

398.3

439.0

0.9

Liver & IBD*

4.4

2.9

1.5

*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source:  NCI 2012. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2009. Tables 2.15, and 14.15 http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2009_pops09/results_single/sect_02_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11KB]
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2009_pops09/results_single/sect_14_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11KB]

At a glance – Diagnosed:

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have been told by a doctor that they have chronic liver disease, 2010

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

1.4

1.3

1.1

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010. Table 8.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf[PDF | 1.5MB]

At a glance – Death Rate:

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Men (2005-2009)

Cancer

African American Men

Non-Hispanic White Men

African American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Liver & IBD*

11.9

7.0

1.7



Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Women (2005-2009)

Cancer

African American Women

Non-Hispanic White Women

African American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Liver & IBD*

4.0

2.9

1.4

*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source:  NCI 2012. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2009. Tables 14.15
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2009_pops09/results_single/sect_14_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11KB]

Age-Adjusted Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis Death Rates per 100,000 (2009)

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

7.1

9.1

0.7

Source: CDC 2012. Deaths: Final Data for 2009. Table 16 and Table 17
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr60/nvsr60_03.pdf [PDF | 2MB]


1CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)
http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/fatal.html


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Content Last Modified: 8/24/2012 10:01:00 AM
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