Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Profile
(Map of the US with the states that have significant
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander populations according to the Census Bureau)
Most recent data from the 2010 Census show overall populations for the following U.S. Territories: American Samoa 55,519; Guam 159,358; Northern Mariana Islands 53,883. United Nations estimates for other territories in 2010 are: Federated States of Micronesia 111,000; Marshall Islands 54,000; Republic of Palau 20,000.
Educational Attainment: In 2012, 87.4 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, alone or in combination, have high school diplomas or higher, as compared to 91.5 percent for Whites. 20.7 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders have a bachelor's degree or higher in comparison to 32.5 percent of Whites. 6 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders have obtained graduate degrees in comparison to 12 percent of Whites. 32 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders speak a language other than English at home.
Economics: According to the 2012 Census Bureau, the average Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander hosuehold median income was $52,865 in comparison to $56,565 for non-Hispanic White households. In 2012, the U.S. Census bureau reported that 19 percent of Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders, in comparison to 11 percent of non-Hispanic Whites were living at the poverty level.
Insurance Coverage: In 2012, 62.2 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in comparison to 74.4 non-Hispanic Whites used private health insurance. Also in 2012, 30.5 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in comparison to 29.3 percent of non-Hispanic Whites relied on public health insurance. Finally, 14.1 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, in comparison to 10.4 percent of non-Hispanic Whites, were uninsured.
Full Census Reports:
The American Community Survey - Pacific Islanders: 2004 [PDF | 3.5MB]
HHS Region IX Office of Minority Health: Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, U.S. Associated Pacific Basin: American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Mariana Islands, Guam, Federated States of Micronesia, Republic of the Marshall Islands, and Republic of Palau
Health: It is significant to note that in comparison to other ethnic groups, Native Hawaiians/ Pacific Islanders have higher rates of smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity. This group also has little access to cancer prevention and control programs. Some leading causes of death among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders include: cancer, heart disease, unintentional injuries (accidents), stroke and diabetes. Some other health conditions and risk factors that are prevalent among Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders are hepatitis B, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis.
Other Health Concerns:From the most part recent national data, the infant mortality rate (deaths per 1,000 live births) for Native Hawaiians in 2002 was 9.6, higher than the rate for all Asian-American/Pacific Islander groups combined (4.8) and for all population (7.0).The tuberculosis rate (cases per 100,000) in 2012 was 15 times higher for Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders, with a case rate of 12.3, as compared to 0.8 for the White population.
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