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HIV/AIDS Awareness Days


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HIV/AIDS and American Indians/Alaska Natives

  • American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/NA) have a 30% higher rate of HIV infection as compared to the white population.
  • American Indian/Alaska Natives have a 50% higher AIDS rate as compared to the white population.
  • In 2011, American Indian/Alaska Native women were almost three times more likely to be diagnosed with HIV infection, as compared to the White female population.

At a glance – HIV Cases and Rates (Adults)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2011 (United States)

 

# Cases

Rate

AI/NA /
White Ratio

American Indian/Alaska Native males

161

18.0

1.2

White males

12,041

14.5

 

 

American Indian/Alaska Native females

51

5.5

2.8

White females

1,776

2.0

 

 

American Indian/Alaska Native (both sexes)

212

9.3

1.3

White (both sexes)

13,846

7.0

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 3a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases and Rates (Children <13 years)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2011 (United States)

 

# Cases

Rate

American Indians/Alaska Natives

0

0.0

White

29

0.1

Total Population

192

0.4

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 5a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Cases (Adults and Children):

Estimated number of cases of HIV infection by year of diagnosis, 2011

 

# Cases

% of total cases

American Indians/
Alaska Natives

212

0.4%

White

13,846

28%

Total Population

49,273

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 1a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

Estimated number of persons living with HIV infection by year, 2010

 

# Cases

% of total cases

American Indians/Alaska Natives

3,194

0.4%

White

295,463

34%

Total Population

872,990

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 15a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Cases by Transmission (Adults):

Estimated number of male adults or adolescents (>13 years) living with HIV infection year-end 2010, by transmission category

Transmission

# of AI/NA Cases

% of American
Indians/Alaska Natives

# of White Cases

% of White

Male-to-male sexual contact

1,518

65%

205,195

81%

Male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use

382

16%

21,689

9%

Injection drug use

259

11%

16,444

6%

Heterosexual contact

172

7%

9,299

4%

Other

12

0.5%

1,729

0.7%

Estimated Total

2,351

 

254,874

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 17a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

Estimated number of female adults or adolescents (>13 years) living with HIV infection year-end 2010, by transmission category

Transmission

# of AI/NA Cases

% of AI/NA

# of White Cases

% of White Cases

Heterosexual contact

545

65%

25,762

64%

Injection drug use

266

32%

13,382

33%

Other

11

1%

586

1%

Estimated Total

836

 

40,270

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 17a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases and Rates (Adults):

Estimated number of cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2011

 

# Cases

Rate
(per 100,000)

American Indians/Alaska
Natives / White Ratio

American Indians/Alaska Natives males

108

12.1

1.4

White males

7,101

8.6

 

 

American Indians/Alaska Natives females

38

4.0

2.9

White females

1,202

1.4

 

 

American Indians/Alaska Natives (both sexes)

146

6.4

1.5

White (both sexes)

8,304

4.2

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 4a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases and Rates (Children, <13 years old): 

Estimated number of cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2011

 

Cumulative # Cases

# Cases

Rate
(per 100,000 population)

American Indian/Alaska Native

31

0

0.0

White

1,596

1

0.0

Total Population

9,521

15

0.0

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 6a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases (Adults and Children):

Estimated number of cases of AIDS by year of diagnosis, 2011

 

Cummulative # Cases

# Cases

% of total cases

American Indian/Alaska Native

3,787

146

0.5%

White

435,613

8,304

26%

Total Population

1,155,792

32,052

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 2a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – Death Rate:

HIV Death Rates per 100,000 population (2010)

 

American
Indian/Alaska
Native

Non-Hispanic White

American
Indian/Alaska
Native /Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

All ages, Men

2.6

2.3

1.1

All ages, Women

--

0.5

--

 

Age 25-44, Men

--

2.5

--

Age 25-44, Women

--

0.7

--

 

Age 45-64, Men

7.0

5.6

1.3

Age 45-64, Women

--

1.0

--

Source:  CDC 2013.  Health, United States 2012.  Table 31.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/2012/031.pdf [PDF | 99.69KB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Deaths:

Estimated number of deaths, and death rates, of persons with AIDS by year of death, 2010

 

Rate

Cummulative # Deaths

# Deaths

% of total cases

American Indian/Alaska Native

3.0

1,945

68

0.4%

White

2.4

265,052

4,668

30%

Total Population

5.0

636,048

15,529

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 12a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Testing:

Age-adjusted percent of HIV testing status among persons 18 years of age and over, 2011

 

American
Indian/Alaska
Native

Non-Hispanic White

American
Indian/Alaska
Native /Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Ever tested

42.6

33.6

1.3

Never tested

57.4

66.4

0.9

Source:  CDC 2012.  Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011.  Table 41.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]


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