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African American Profile

African American Profile Map with Links to Departments of Health in each indicated State For additional data and statistics on African Americans in New York, click here. For additional data and statistics on African Americans in Maryland, click here. For additional data and statistics on African Americans in Maryland, click here. For additional data and statistics on Asian Americans in Virginia, click here. For additional data and statistics on African Americans in Ohio, click here. For additional data and statistics on African Americans in Illinois, click here. For additional data and statistics on African Americans in North Carolina,  click here. For additional data and statistics on African Americans in Georgia, click here. For additional data and statistics on African Americans in Florida, click here. For additional data and statistics on African Americans in Texas, click here. For additional data and statistics on African Americans in California, click here.

(Map of the US with the top 10 states displaying the
largest African American population according to the Census Bureau)

NY - CA - TX - GA - FL - NC - IL - OH - MD - VA

Overview (Demographics): In July 2012, 43.1 million people in the United States were Black; alone or in combination. African Americans are the second largest minority population, following the Hispanic/Latino population. In 2012, most Blacks lived in the South (55 percent of the Black U.S. population), while 36 percent of the white population lived in the South. The ten states with the largest Black population in 2012 were Florida, Texas, New York, Georgia, California, North Carolina, Illinois, Maryland, Virginia, Ohio. Combined, these 10 states represent 58% of the total Black population. Of the 10 largest places in the United States with 100,000 or more population, Detroit, Michigan had the largest proportion of Blacks (84%), followed by Jackson, Mississippi (80%).

Educational Attainment: In 2012, as compared to Non-Hispanic Whites 25 years and over, a lower percentage of Non-Hispanic Blacks had earned at least a high school diploma (83 percent and 92 percent, respectively). More Black women than Black men had earned at least a bachelor's degree (20.7 percent compared with 16.4 percent), while among non-Hispanic Whites, a higher proportion of men than women had earned at least a bachelor's degree (33 percent and 32 percent, respectively).

Economics: According to a 2012 Census Bureau report, the average African-American household median income was $33,762 in comparison to $56,565 for non-Hispanic White households. In 2012, the U.S. Census bureau reported that 28.1 percent of African-Americans in comparison to 11.0 percent of non-Hispanic Whites were living at the poverty level. For 2012, the unemployment rate for Blacks was twice that for non-Hispanic Whites (10.3 percent and 4.8 percent, respectively). This finding was consistent for both men and women.

Insurance Coverage: In 2012, 50.4 percent of African-Americans in comparison to 74.4 percent of non-Hispanic Whites used private health insurance. Also in 2012, 40.6 percent of African-Americans in comparison to 29.3 percent of non-Hispanic Whites relied on Medicaid, public health insurance. Finally, 17.2 percent of African-Americans in comparison to 10.4 percent of non-Hispanic whites were uninsured.

Full Census Reports:

The Black Population: 2010 [PDF | 2.9MB]

The American Community Survey - Blacks: 2004 [PDF | 915KB]

Census Bureau, 2013. Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2012 [PDF | 1.1MB]

Health Conditions: The death rate for African Americans was generally higher than Whites for heart diseases, stroke, cancer, asthma, influenza and pneumonia, diabetes, HIV/AIDS, and homicide.

Quick Facts - See the following links for detailed statistics on specific health conditions:

All Topics A-Z



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Last Modified: 05/30/2014 09:47:00 AM
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Office of Minority Health
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