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Organ Donation and Pacific Islanders

Because data is limited, Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders are often categorized simply as Asian Americans, which often fails to acknowledge the health disparities that exist within this general term. In 2011, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders made up 0.4 percent of the national population.

  • The number of organ transplants performed on Pacific Islanders in 2012 was 10.5%, of the number of Pacific Islanders currently waiting for a transplant. The number of transplants performed on White Americans was 27% of the number currently waiting.
  • While 0.5% of the total candidates currently waiting for transplants are Pacific Islander, they comprised 0.2% of organ donors in 2012.
  • The number of organs recovered in 2012 from deceased Pacific Islander donors was almost twice the number of living Pacific Islander donors.
  • In Hawaii, Native Hawaiians are more likely than Whites living in Hawaii to be diagnosed with diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders have higher obesity rates, and also are seven times more likely to be diagnosed with chronic liver disease, as compared to non-Hispanic Whites. These conditions are known to put the patient at risk for organ failures.

 

U.S. Transplant Waiting List – Candidates by Race/Ethnicity

Organ
# of PI candidates
PI % of all candidates
# of White candidates
White % of all candidates
All Organs
576
0.5%
51,250
43.9%
Kidney
538
0.6%
35,917
37.8%
Liver
27
0.2%
10,997
69.7%
Heart
6
0.2%
2,279
67.7%
Lung
1
0.1%
1,325
81.3%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of January 18, 2013.
http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/latestData/viewDataReports.asp*

 

Transplants Performed in the U.S. by Recipient Ethnicity

 
2012
% of total 2012 transplants
Pacific Islander
61
0.3%
White
13,965
59.8%
Total Transplants
23,362
100%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of January 18, 2013.
http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/latestData/viewDataReports.asp

 

U.S. Organ Donors Recovered, 2012

Donor Type
# of PI donors
PI % of all donors
# of White donors
White % of all donors
Living
7
0.1%
3,450
70.6%
Deceased
17
0.3%
4,480
66.1%
Total
24
0.2%
7,930
68.0%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of January 18, 2013.
http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/latestData/viewDataReports.asp

* OPTN data is updated monthly. The OMHRC data & statistics for this section will be updated biannually. For the most recent OPTN data, click here

Last Modified: 9/24/2013 9:37:00 AM