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Obesity and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders

  • Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders were almost four times more likely to be obese than the overall Asian American population in 2011.
  • Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders were 30 percent more likely to be obese than non-Hispanic Whites in 2011
  • Obesity continues to be a health risk in the United States Pacific Territories. Reports from the World Health Organization indicate that in the Federated States of Micronesia, almost 83 percent of women were either overweight or obese in 2008.

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are overweight but not obese, 2014. (Persons are considered overweight if they have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 25 or greater.)

Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders
Non-Hispanic White
NHOPI/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
34.0
34.1
1.0

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-15
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are obese, 2014. (Persons are considered obese if they have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or greater.)

Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders
Non-Hispanic White
NHOPI/ Non-Hispanic White
41.3
27.4
1.5

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-15
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Percentage of adults either overweight or obese, 2008 (BMI of 25 or greater)

Territory
Men
Women
Federated States of Micronesia
67.9 82.5
Marshall Islands
77.4 81.0
Republic of Palau
-- --
Solomon Islands
61.0 69.6
United States - NHOPI, 2008-2010*
86.6 66.9
United States - 2008
73.5 68.2

Source: WHO 2011. Noncommunicable diseases country profiles 2014.
http://www.who.int/nmh/publications/ncd_profiles2014/en/index.html

*Source: CDC 2013. Health Behaviors of Adults: United states, 2008-2010. Figure 6.1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_257.pdf [PDF | 3.21MB]

*Comparable data is not available; this is for illustration only.

 

CHILDREN

  • No national data available at this time.

 

ADOLESCENTS

 

Percentage of high school students who were overweight, 2013

 
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
White
NHOPI/ White Ratio
Total
22.8
15.6
1.5

Source: High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data.
Available at http://nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline. [Accessed 05/25/2016]

 

Percentage of high school students who were obese, 2013

 
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
White
NHOPI/ White Ratio
Total
7.5
13.1
0.6

Source: High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data.
Available at http://nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline. [Accessed 05/25/2016]

 

HEALTH IMPACT OF OBESITY

  • More than 80 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight. 1
  • People who are overweight are more likely to suffer from high blood pressure, high levels of blood fats, and LDL cholesterol ("a fatlike substance") -- all risk factors for heart disease and stroke.1
  • In 2010, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders were 30 percent less likely to engage in regular physical activity, as compared to non-Hispanic Whites.

 

Physical Activity:

 

Inactive leisure-time physical activity, adults 18 and over, 2014 (Did not meet federal physical activity guidelines)

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
NHOPI/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
48.0
43.4
1.1

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-14
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Some leisure-time physical activity, adults 18 and over, 2014 (Met aerobic guidelines only)

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
NHOPI/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
26.9
29.9
0.9

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-14
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Regular leisure-time physical activity, adults 18 and over, 2014 (Met federal physical activity guidelines)

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
NHOPI/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
16.3
23.6
0.7

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-14
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

*Estimates are considered unreliable. Data shown have a relative standard error of greater that 30%.

 

At a Glace – Risk Factors

Obesity is a risk factor for several diseases. For statistics on these related diseases see:

Diabetes – See Diabetes and Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders

Heart Disease –See Heart Disease and Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders

Stroke –See Stroke and Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders


1Source: http://healthyamericans.org/reports/obesity2011/Obesity2011Report.pdf [PDF | 7.4MB] Exit Disclaimer
Last Modified: 6/24/2016 11:18:00 AM