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HIV/AIDS and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders

  • While Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (NHOPI) represent 0.4% of the total population in the United States, the HIV case rate for NHOPI was almost twice that of the White population in 2014.
  • In 2014, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders were 1.7 times more likely to be diagnosed with HIV infection, as compared to the white population.
  • In most of the U.S. Pacific Territories, the cumulative HIV infection rate is higher than the national rate for Whites.

 

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases (Adults and Children)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2014

 
# Cases
Rate
NHOPI/
White Ratio
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander males
49
22.0
1.7
White males
10,513
12.6
 
 
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander females
8
3.5
2.3
White females
1,483
1.7
 
 
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (total, all ages)
58
10.6
1.7
White (total, all ages)
12,025
6.1
 

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 3a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases and Rates (Children <13 years)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2014

 
# Cases
Rate
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
1
1.0
White
28
0.1
Total Population
174
0.3

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 3a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

Estimated number of cases of HIV infection by year of diagnosis, 2014

 
# Cases
% of total cases
NHOPI
58
0.1
White
12,025
27%
Total Population
44,073
 

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 3a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

Estimated number of persons living with HIV infection by year, 2013

 
# Cases
NHOPI / White Ratio
NHOPI
869
--
White
297,289
--
Total Population
933,041
--

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 18a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases and Rates (Adults)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2014

 
# Cases
Rate(per 100,000)
NHOPI/White Ratio
NHOPI males
16
7.2
1.3
White males
4,489
5.4
 
 
NHOPI females
3
1.4
1.6
White females
808
0.9
 
 
NHOPI (both sexes)
19
3.5
1.3
White (both sexes)
5,303
2.7
 

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 4a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases and Rates(Children <13 years old)

Estimated number of cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2014

 
# Cumulative Cases
# Cases
Rate (per 100,000 population)
NHOPI
6
0
0
White
1,556
6
0.0
Total Population
9,561
104
0.0

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 8a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases (Adults and Children)

Estimated number of cases of AIDS by year of diagnosis, 2014

 
Cumulative # Cases
# Cases
% of total cases
NHOPI
842
19
0.1%
White
439,455
5,303
25%
Total Population
1,210,835
20,896
 

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 2a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

At a glance – Death Rate

  • National data not available at this time.

 

At a glance – AIDS Deaths

Estimated number of deaths, and death rates, of persons with AIDS by year of death, 2013

 
Rate
Cumulative # Deaths
# Deaths
NHOPI / White Ratio
NHOPI
0.6
359
3
0.3
White
2.0
274,206
3,897
--
Total Population
4.1
673,538
12,963
--

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 13a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Testing

Age-adjusted percent of HIV testing status among persons 18 years of age and over, 2014

 
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific
Islander
Non-Hispanic White
NHOPI/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Ever tested
51.0
35.0
1.5
Never tested
49.0
65.0
0.8

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2014. Table A-20a.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/SHS/tables.htm

 

At a glance – HIV Cases - Pacific Territories

Estimated number of cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV, 1984-2012 (U.S. Territories)

Region
Number of HIV/AIDS cases, Cumulative
HIV Cumulative Rate
U.S. National-White
--
6.1
U.S. All Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander
--
10.6
American Samoa
3
4.0
Federated States of Micronesia
38
37.0
Guam
244
127.0
Northern Mariana Islands
34
54.0
Republic of Palau
10
48.0
Republic of Marshall Islands
25
45.0
*Data represents all ages in the United States, 2009 only. Comparable data is not available; this is for illustration only.

Source: Secretariat of the Public Community 2013. HIV Surveillance in Pacific Island Countries and Territories: 2012 Report. Table 2.

http://www.spc.int/hiv/index.php

Source (U.S. National): CDC 2011. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 3a.

http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB].

 

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases – Pacific Territories

Estimated number persons living with HIV infection, by area of residence 2010

 
# Cases
Rate
NHOPI (U.S.)
869
162.8
American Somoa
1
2.4
Guam
82
65.8
Northern Mariana Islands
2
5.2
Republic of Palau
4
23.4
White National (U.S.)
297,289
150.3
Total Population (U.S.)
933,941
295.1

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 24 and 18a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases – Pacific Territories

Estimated number of persons living with AIDS, by area of residence, 2013

 
# Cases
Rate
NHOPI (U.S.)
468
108.8
American Somoa
1
2.4
Guam
32
25.6
Northern Mariana Islands
2
5.3
Republic of Palau
1
5.7
White National (U.S. Continental)
159,913
93.7
Total Population (U.S.)
527,170
197.4

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 25.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

Last Modified: 3/16/2016 12:15:00 PM