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Cancer and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders

  • Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders (NHOPI) are 30% more likely to be diagnosed with cancer, as compared to non-Hispanic Whites.
  • American Samoan women are twice as likely to be diagnosed with, and to die from, cervical cancer, as compared to non-Hispanic Whites.
  • American Samoan men are eight times more likely to develop liver cancer, and Native Hawaiian men are 2.4 times more likely to be diagnosed with the same disease, as compared to non-Hispanic Whites.
  • In Hawaii, Native Hawaiian men have the highest mortality rate (231.7) for all types of cancer, as compared to other ethnic groups in the state.1
  • Also in Hawaii, Native Hawaiian women have the highest incidence rate (447.8) for all types of cancer, as compared to other ethnic groups in the state.1
  • In the U.S. territory of Guam, the incidence rate for liver cancer was 6.7 times higher in the Micronesian population, as compared to the national U.S.population (38.2 and 5.8 respectively), from 2003-2007.2

* NOTE: This is the most recent national data which is available at this time. Additional data will be added as reports are issued from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

 

At a glance – Diagnosis

Age-adjusted percentages of cancer among persons 18 years of age and over, 2008 *

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Non-Hispanic White
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
11.4
9.0
1.3

Source:  CDC 2009. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2008. Table 6.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_242.pdf [PDF | 2.6MB]

 

At a glance – Top Cancer Sites for Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders (1998-2002)

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 - Men (1998-2002) *

Cancer
Native Hawaiian
Samoan
Tongan
Non-Hispanic
White (NHW)
Native Hawaiian/
NHW Ratio
Samoan/
NHW Ratio
Tongan/NHW
Ratio
All Sites
531.6
566.7
428.8
587.0
0.9
1.0
0.7
Colorectal
65.7
43.1
--
65.6
1.0
0.7
--
Liver & IBD*
16.3
54.5
--
6.7
2.4
8.1
--
Lung
109.8
111.9
107.0
89.2
1.2
1.3
1.2
Prostate
119.7
144.1
85.0
170.0
0.7
0.8
0.1
Stomach
18.8
53.0
--
9.9
1.9
5.4
--

 

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 - Women (1998-2002) *

Cancer
Native Hawaiian
Samoan
Tongan
Non-Hispanic
White (NHW)
Native Hawaiian/
NHW Ratio
Samoan/
NHW Ratio
Tongan/NHW
Ratio
All Sites
488.5
472.0
504.7
448.5
1.1
1.1
1.1
Breast
175.8
102.5
118.0
145.2
1.2
0.7
0.8
Cervical
12.3
18.1
--
8.1
1.5
2.2
--
Colorectal
44.0
38.6
--
47.6
0.9
0.8
--
Lung
69.7
56.9
--
59.0
1.2
1.0
--
Stomach
14.5
--
--
4.3
3.4
--
--
*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source:  NCI 2008. Cancer Incidence and Mortality Patterns among Specific Asian and Pacific Islander Populations in the U.S.
http://seer.cancer.gov/publications/apicancer/index.html

At a glance – 5 Year Survival Rate

National data not available at this time.

At a glance – Death Rate

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 - Men (1998-2002) *

Cancer
Native Hawaiian
Samoan
Non-Hispanic
White (NHW)
Native Hawaiian/
NHW Ratio
Samoan/
NHW Ratio
All Sites
263.7
293.9
241.3
1.1
1.2
Liver & IBD*
11.8
32.9
6.1
1.9
5.4
Lung
87.7
74.0
72.2
1.2
1.0
Stomach
14.1
40.9
5.8
2.4
7.1

 

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 - Women (1998-2002) *

Cancer
Native Hawaiian
Samoan
Non-Hispanic
White (NHW)
Native Hawaiian/
NHW Ratio
Samoan/
NHW Ratio
All Sites
198.9
209.3
171.7
1.2
1.2
Breast
33.5
36.2
27.8
1.2
1.3
Cervical
5.2
--
2.4
2.2
--
Liver & IBD
6.4
--
2.7
2.4
--
Stomach
10.3
--
2.8
3.3
--
*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source:  NCI 2008. Cancer Incidence and Mortality Patterns among Specific Asian and Pacific Islander Populations in the U.S.
http://seer.cancer.gov/publications/apicancer/index.html

1 Source: Hawaii Dept. of Health 2010. Hawaii Cancer Facts & Figures 2010. Table 5.
http://health.hawaii.gov/about/files/2013/06/Hawaii_Cancer_Facts_and_Figures_2010.pdf [PDF | 20.39MB]

2 Source: Guam Dept. of Public Health and Social Services 2011. Guam Cancer Facts and Figures 2003 - 2007. Table 10.
http://www.guamcancerresearch.org/Runtime/GuamCancerRegistry.aspx

Last Modified: 3/29/2016 1:37:00 PM