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Diabetes and Hispanic Americans

According to national examination surveys, Hispanics are almost twice as likely as non-Hispanic whites to be diagnosed with diabetes by a physician.  They have higher rates of end-stage renal disease, caused by diabetes, and they are 40% more likely to die from diabetes as non-Hispanic whites.

  • Hispanic adults are 1.7 times more likely than non-Hispanic white adults to have been diagnosed with diabetes by a physician.
  • In 2010, Hispanics were three times more likely to start treatment for end-stage renal disease related to diabetes, as compared to non-Hispanic whites.
  • In 2010, Hispanic women were 1.5 times as likely as non-Hispanic whites women to die from diabetes.

At a glance – Diagnosed Cases of Diabetes:

Age-adjusted percentages of persons 18 years of age and over with diabetes, 2014

Hispanics/Latinos

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic
White Ratio

12.2

7.3

1.7

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-4.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

At a glance – Prevalence Rate:

Age-adjusted percentage of diagnosed diabetes per 100 population (2014)

 

Hispanics/Latinos

White

Hispanic/ White
Ratio

Men

9.1

6.3

1.4

Women

8.4

5.3

1.6

Total

8.7

5.8

1.5

Source: CDC 2016. National Diabetes Surveillance System.
http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics/prevalence_national.htm

Age-adjusted percentage of visual impairment per 100 adults with diabetes (2011)

 

Hispanics/Latinos

White

Hispanic/ White
Ratio

Men and Women

15.6

17.1

0.9

Men

14.7

16.0

0.9

Women

16.3

18.3

0.9

Source: Source: CDC 2016. National Diabetes Surveillance System.
http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics/visual/fig5.htm

Rate of initiation of treatment for end-stage renal disease related to diabetes per 100,000 diabetic population (2008)

 

Hispanics/Latinos

White

Hispanic/ White
Ratio

Men and Women

237.6

151.7

1.6

Men

271.8

170.7

1.6

Women

205.8

131.5

1.6

Source: CDC 2016. National Diabetes Surveillance System.
http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics/esrd/fig5.htm

Age-adjusted rate of hospitalization per 1,000 diabetic population (NDSS)
Not available at this time

Age-adjusted rate for lower extremity amputation per 1,000 diabetic population (NDSS)
Not available at this time

Hospital admissions for lower extremity amputations, age 18 and over with diabetes, 2012 (rate per 1,000 population)

Hispanics

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

25.4

12.5

2.0

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_3_5_2.2a [Accessed 05/05/2016]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Age-adjusted end stage renal disease (ESRD) due to diabetes, 2010 (rate per million)

Hispanics

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

307.6

100.7

3.1

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_3_5_1.2b [Accessed 05/05/2016]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

At a glance – Death Rate:

Age-Adjusted Diabetes Death Rates per 100,000 (2013)

 

Hispanics

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic
White Ratio

Male

30.4

23.1

1.3

Female

23.0

14.9

1.5

Total

26.3

18.6

1.4

Source: CDC, 2013. National Vital Statistic Report. Vol. 61, Num 4 Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_04.pdf [PDF | 3MB]

At a Glance – Risk Factors:

There are several risk factors related to diabetes. Some of these risk factors are

Obesity and Overweight – See Obesity and Hispanic Americans

Hypertension – See Heart Disease and Hispanic Americans

High Cholesterol – See Heart Disease and Hispanic Americans

Cigarette Smoking – See Heart Disease and Hispanic Americans

At a Glance – Treatment:

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had received an influenza immunization, 2012. 

Hispanics

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

59.6

65.0

0.9

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_1_5_1.2b [Accessed 05/05/2016]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had a foot examination, 2012.

Hispanics

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

65.3

69.4

0.9

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_1_5_1.2b [Accessed 05/05/2016]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had a retinal eye examination, 2012.

Hispanics

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic /Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

59.7

65.5

0.9

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_1_5_1.2b [Accessed 05/05/2016]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Last Modified: 5/11/2016 2:27:00 PM