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Chronic Liver Disease and Hispanic Americans

Among the Hispanic/Latino population, chronic liver disease is a leading cause of death. While the cause is not always known, some cases can be initiated by conditions such as chronic alcoholism, obesity and exposure to Hepatitis B and C viruses.

  • In 2013, chronic liver disease was the sixth leading cause of death for all Hispanics, and the third leading cause of death for Hispanic men, ages 55-64. 1
  • Both Hispanic men and women have a chronic liver disease rate that is twice that of the white population.
  • Hispanic men and women are 1.7 and 1.8 times more likely to die respectively from liver and IBD cancer than their white counterparts.

 

At a glance – Cancer Rates for Hispanic (2008-2012):

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Men

Cancer
Hispanic Men
Non-Hispanic White Men
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
All Sites
395.0
540.0
0.7
Liver & IBD*
19.3
9.8
1.9

 

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Women

Cancer

Hispanic Women

Non-Hispanic White Women

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

All Sites

322.2

441.6

0.7

Liver & IBD*

7.0

3.2

2.2

*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source:  : NCI 2014. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2012. Tables 2.15, and 14.15
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2012/results_single/sect_02_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.2KB]
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2012/results_single/sect_14_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.3KB]

 

At a glance – Diagnosed

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have been told by a doctor that they have chronic liver disease, 2012

Hispanic
Mexican American
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Mexican American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
1.4
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.1

Source:  CDC 2014. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2012. Table 8.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf [PDF | 3.5MB]

 

At a glance – Death Rate

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Men (2008-2012)

Cancer
Hispanic Men
Non-Hispanic White Men
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Liver & IBD*
12.9
7.6
1.7

 

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Women (2008-2012)

Cancer
Hispanic Women
Non-Hispanic White Women
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Liver & IBD*
5.6
3.1
1.8
*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source:  NCI 2014. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2012. Table 14.15
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2012/results_single/sect_14_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.3KB]

 

Age-Adjusted Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis Death Rates per 100,000 (2013)

Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
14.0
10.3
1.4

Source:  CDC 2014. Deaths: Final Data for 2012. Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_02.pdf [PDF | 2MB]


1CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS).
http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/fatal.html
Last Modified: 5/15/2015 6:19:00 PM