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Infant Mortality and African Americans

African Americans have 2.2 times the infant mortality rate as non-Hispanic whites. They are 3.5 times as likely to die as infants due to complications related to low birthweight as compared to non-Hispanic white infants.

  • African Americans had almost twice the sudden infant death syndrome mortality rate as non-Hispanic whites, in 2013.
  • African American mothers were 2.3 times more likely than non-Hispanic white mothers to begin prenatal care in the 3rd trimester, or not receive prenatal care at all.

 

At a Glance – Infant Mortality Rate

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2013

Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic White
All Races
Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
11.1
5.1
6.0
2.2

Source:  CDC 2015.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2013 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table A.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_09.pdf [PDF | 994KB]

 

At a Glance – Leading Causes of Infant Mortality

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the top 4 leading cause of death for African Americans, 2013. (Rates per 100,000 live births)

Cause of Death
(By rank)

# African
American
Deaths
African
American
Death
Rate
#Non-
Hispanic
White
Deaths
Non-
Hispanic
White
Death
Rate
African
American/
Non-
Hispanic
White
Ratio
(1) Low-Birthweight
1,522
260.7
1,585
74.4
3.5
(2) Congenital malformations
827
141.6
2,443
114.7
1.2
(3) Maternal Complications
505
86.5
635
29.8
2.9
(4) Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
428
73.3
854
40.1
1.8
Source:  CDC 2015.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2013 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_09.pdf [PDF | 994KB]


At a Glance – Characteristics of Mother

Percentage of mothers who received prenatal care as early in their pregnancy as wanted, 2009-2011

Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
79.5
87.5
0.9

Source:  CDC.  Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), PRAMStat.  Table 11
http://www.cdc.gov/prams/pramstat/index.html [Accessed April 14, 2015]

Percentage of mothers who received late (after first trimester) or no entry into prenatal care, 2011

Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
25.8
12.0
2.2

Source:  CDC.  Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), PRAMStat.  Table 11
http://www.cdc.gov/prams/pramstat/index.html [Accessed April 14, 2015]

Percentage of mothers who smoked cigarettes during the last 3 months of pregnancy, 2011

Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
6.9
22.0
0.3

Source:  CDC 2012.  2011 Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance.  Table 11
http://www.cdc.gov/pednss/pnss_tables/pdf/national_table11.pdf [PDF | 56KB]

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2013

Age of mother
Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic White
African
American/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio
Under 20 years
11.7
8.5
1.4
20-24 years
11.2
6.1
1.8
25-29 years
10.9
4.7
2.3
30-34 years
10.7
4.1
2.6
35-39 years
11.3
4.4
2.6
40-54 years
11.8
7.0
1.7

Source:  CDC 2015.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2013 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_09.pdf [PDF | 994KB]

Last Modified: 9/3/2015 3:01:00 PM