Skip Navigation

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Office of Minority Health

Office of Minority Health (OMH) Logo

Print Page A A A
En Español Newsroom Contact Us
 

Chronic Liver Disease and African Americans

Among African Americans, chronic liver disease is a leading cause of death. While the cause is not always known, some cases can be initiated by conditions such as chronic alcoholism, obesity and exposure to Hepatitis B and C viruses.

  • In 2013, chronic liver disease was the eighth leading cause of death for non-Hispanic blacks, 45-64 years old. 1
  • African American men are 70% more likely to have liver and IBD cancer than non-Hispanic white men.
  • African American women are 1.4 times more likely to die from liver and IBD cancer than non-Hispanic white women.

 

At a glance – Cancer Rates for African Americans (2008-2012)

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Men

Cancer
African American Men
Non-Hispanic White Men
African American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
All Sites
590.1
540.1
1.1
Liver & IBD*
16.2
9.8
1.7

 

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Women

Cancer
African American Women
Non-Hispanic White Women
African American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
All Sites
401.2
441.6
0.9
Liver & IBD*
4.8
3.2
1.5
*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source:  NCI 2014. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2012. Tables 2.15, and 14.15 http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2012/results_single/sect_02_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.2KB]
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2012/results_single/sect_14_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.3KB]

 

At a glance – Diagnosed:

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have been told by a doctor that they have chronic liver disease, 2012

Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
0.9
1.2
0.8

Source:  CDC 2014. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2012. Table 8.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_260.pdf[PDF | 3.5MB]

 

At a glance – Death Rate:

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Men (2008-2012)

Cancer
African American Men
Non-Hispanic White Men
African American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Liver & IBD*
12.5
7.6
1.6

 

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Women (2008-2012)

Cancer
African American Women
Non-Hispanic White Women
African American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Liver & IBD*
4.3
3.1
1.4
*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source:  NCI 2014. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2012. Tables 14.15
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2012/results_single/sect_14_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.3KB]

 

Age-Adjusted Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis Death Rates per 100,000 (2013)

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
7.5
10.3
0.7

Source: CDC 2014. Deaths: Final Data for 2013. Table 17
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_02.pdf [PDF | 2MB]


1CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)
http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/fatal.html

Last Modified: 5/15/2015 6:18:00 PM