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Mental Health and Hispanics

  • Poverty level affects mental health status. Hispanics living below the poverty level, as compared to Hispanics over twice the poverty level, are three times more likely to report psychological distress.
  • The death rate from suicide for Hispanic men is almost five times the rate for Hispanic women, in 2009.
  • However, the suicide rate for Hispanics is half that of the Non-Hispanic White population.
  • Suicide attempts for Hispanic girls, grades 9-12, were 70% higher than for White girls in the same age group, in 2011.
  • Non-Hispanic Whites received mental health treatment 2 times more often than Hispanics, in 2008.

 

MENTAL HEALTH STATUS

Serious psychological distress among adults 18 years of age and over, percent, 2009-2010

Hispanic
Mexican American
Non-Hispanic White
Mexican/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
3.6
2.8
3.1
1.2
0.9

Source: CDC, 2012. Health United States, 2011. Table 59.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

 

Serious psychological distress among adults 18 years of age and over, percent of poverty level, 2009-2010

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Below 100%
6.4
10.1
0.6
100%-less than 200%
4.1
5.5
0.7
200% - less than 400%
2.6
3.2
0.8

Source: CDC, 2012. Health United States, 2011. Table 59.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

 

Percent of population with feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort, all of the time, among persons 18 years of age and over, 2010

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Sadness
4.6
2.8
1.6
Hopelessness
3.3
2.0
1.7
Worthlessness
2.3
1.7
1.6
Everything is an effort
6.5
5.6
1.2

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010. Table 14.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf [PDF | 3.1MB]

 

Percent of population with feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort all of the time, among persons 18 years of age and over, 2010 ---Men

 
Hispanic Men
Non-Hispanic White Men
Hispanic Men/ Non-Hispanic White Men Ratio
Sadness
3.8
2.5
1.5
Hopelessness
2.8
1.9
1.5
Worthlessness
2.0
1.6
1.3
Everything is an effort
6.2
4.9
1.3

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010. Table 14.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf [PDF | 3.1MB]

 

Percent of population with feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort all of the time, among persons 18 years of age and over, 2010 ---Women

 
Hispanic Women
Non-Hispanic White Women
Hispanic Women/ Non-Hispanic White Women Ratio
Sadness
5.3
3.2
1.7
Hopelessness
3.7
2.1
1.8
Worthlessness
2.5
1.9
1.3
Everything is an effort
6.9
6.1
1.1

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010. Table 14.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf [PDF | 3.1MB]

 

Percent of population with feelings of nervousness or restlessness, among persons 18 years of age and over, 2010

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Nervousness, all or most of time
5.4
4.9
1.1
Restlessness, all or most of time
5.6
6.4
0.9

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010. Table 16.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf [PDF | 3.1MB]

 

DEATH RATES

Age-Adjusted Death Rates for suicide, by sex, race and Hispanic Origin, 2009

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic /Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Male
9.8
23.2
0.4
Female
2.0
6.0
0.3
Total
5.9
14.3
0.4

Source:  CDC, 2012. National Vital Statistic Report. Vol. 60, Num 03 Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr60/nvsr60_03.pdf [PDF | 2MB]

 

Age-adjusted death rates for suicide, by race, 2009

Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
5.9
14.3
0.4

Source: CDC, 2012. Health United States, 2011. Table 24.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

 

Death rates for suicide, age, race and Hispanic origin, 2009: Men

 
Hispanic Men
Non-Hispanic White Men
Hispanic Men/ Non-Hispanic White Men Ratio
15-24 years
11.7
18.9
0.6
25-44 years
11.1
28.8
0.4
45-64 years
12.6
33.7
0.4
65 years and over
15.3
33.1
0.5
All ages
9.8
23.2
0.4

Source: CDC, 2012. Health United States, 2011. Table 39.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

 

Death rates for suicide, age, race and Hispanic origin, 2009: Women

 
Hispanic Women
Non-Hispanic White Women
Hispanic Women/ Non-Hispanic White Women Ratio
15-24 years
2.5
4.0
0.6
25-44 years
2.7
8.1
0.3
45-64 years
2.6
10.6
0.2
65 years and over
2.3
4.5
0.5
All ages
2.0
6.0
0.3

Source: CDC, 2012. Health United States, 2011. Table 39.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

ADOLESCENTS

 

Age-Adjusted Death Rates for Suicide: Ages 15 - 19, 2009

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic /Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Male
9.0
14.0
0.6
Female
2.8
3.5
0.8
Total
6.0
8.9
0.7

Source:  CDC, 2012. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) [Accessed 07/07/2012]
http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html

 

Suicidal ideation among students in grades 9–12, 2009
Percent of students who seriously considered suicide


 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Male
10.7
10.5
1.0
Female
20.2
16.1
1.3

Source:  CDC, 2012. Health United States, 2011. Table 67.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

 

Suicide attempts among students in grades 9–12, 2011
Percent of students who attempted suicide


 
Hispanic
White
Hispanic/White Ratio
Male
6.9
4.6
1.5
Female
13.5
7.9
1.7
Total
10.2
6.2
1.6

Source: CDC, 2012. High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. [Accessed 07/07/2012]
http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline

 

ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE

Percent of Adults age 18 and over who received mental health treatment or counseling in the past year, 2008

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Male
5.2
10.8
0.5
Female
8.4
20.8
0.4
Total
6.8
16.0
0.4

Source:  2010 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 17_3_1.2b
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr10/index.html

 

Percent of Adults age 18 and over who received prescription medications for mental health treatment or counseling, 2008

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Male
4.0
9.1
0.4
Female
6.5
18.3
0.4
Total
5.2
13.9
0.4

Source:  2010 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 17_3_3.2b
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr10/index.html

 

Adults age 18 and over with past year major depressive episode who received treatment for the depression, 2009

Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
49.3
68.7
0.7

Source:  2011 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 7_1_1.2b.
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr11/index.html

Last Modified: 9/20/2013 10:19:00 AM