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Mental Health and Hispanics

  • Poverty level affects mental health status. Hispanics living below the poverty level, as compared to Hispanics over twice the poverty level, are over twice as likely to report psychological distress.
  • The death rate from suicide for Hispanic men was five times the rate for Hispanic women, in 2013.
  • However, the suicide rate for Hispanics is half that of the Non-Hispanic white population.
  • Suicide attempts for Hispanic girls, grades 9-12, were 50% higher than for White girls in the same age group, in 2015.
  • Non-Hispanic whites received mental health treatment 2 times more often than Hispanics, in 2008.

 

MENTAL HEALTH STATUS

Serious psychological distress among adults 18 years of age and over, percent, 2013-2014

Hispanic
Mexican American
Non-Hispanic White
Mexican/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
4.5
4.6
3.2
1.4
1.4

Source:CDC, 2016. Health United States, 2015. Table 46.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus15.pdf [PDF | 13.03MB]

 

Serious psychological distress among adults 18 years of age and over, percent of poverty level, 2013-2014

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Below 100%
8.2
10.7
0.8
100%-less than 200%
5.0
6.5
0.8
200% - less than 400%
3.2
2.7
1.2

Source: CDC, 2016. Health United States, 2015. Table 46.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus15.pdf [PDF | 13.03MB]

 

Percent of population with feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort, all of the time, among persons 18 years of age and over, 2014

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Sadness
4.6
2.4
1.8
Hopelessness
3.9
1.7
2.3
Worthlessness
2.3
1.5
1.5
Everything is an effort
6.8
5.0
1.4

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-7a.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Percent of population with feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort all of the time, among persons 18 years of age and over, 2014 ---Men

 
Hispanic Men
Non-Hispanic White Men
Hispanic Men/ Non-Hispanic White Men Ratio
Sadness
3.9
1.8
2.2
Hopelessness
3.2
1.5
2.1
Worthlessness
1.9
1.4
1.4
Everything is an effort
6.5
4.3
1.5

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-7.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Percent of population with feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort all of the time, among persons 18 years of age and over, 2014 ---Women

 
Hispanic Women
Non-Hispanic White Women
Hispanic Women/ Non-Hispanic White Women Ratio
Sadness
5.3
2.9
1.8
Hopelessness
4.6
1.9
2.4
Worthlessness
2.5
1.6
1.6
Everything is an effort
7.1
5.8
1.2

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-7.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Percent of population with feelings of nervousness or restlessness, among persons 18 years of age and over, 2014

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Nervousness, all or most of time
5.3
4.6
1.2
Restlessness, all or most of time
7.0
6.0
1.2

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-8.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

DEATH RATES

Age-Adjusted Death Rates for suicide, by sex, race and Hispanic Origin, 2013

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic /Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Male
9.3
25.3
0.4
Female
2.3
7.1
0.3
Total
5.7
15.9
0.4

Source: CDC, 2016. National Vital Statistic Report. Vol. 64, Num 02 Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_02.pdf [PDF | 7.31MB]

 

Age-adjusted death rates for suicide, by race, 2014

Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
6.3
16.4
0.4

Source: CDC, 2016. Health United States, 2015. Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus15.pdf [PDF | 13.03MB]

 

Death rates for suicide, age, race and Hispanic origin, 2014: Men

 
Hispanic Men
Non-Hispanic White Men
Hispanic Men/ Non-Hispanic White Men Ratio
15-24 years
11.5
22.4
0.5
25-44 years
12.6
31.7
0.4
45-64 years
12.4
37.1
0.3
65 years and over
15.9
36.1
0.4
All ages
10.3
25.8
0.4

Source: CDC, 2016. Health United States, 2015. Table 30.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus15.pdf [PDF | 13.03MB]

 

Death rates for suicide, age, race and Hispanic origin, 2014: Women

 
Hispanic Women
Non-Hispanic White Women
Hispanic Women/ Non-Hispanic White Women Ratio
15-24 years
3.4
5.4
0.6
25-44 years
3.0
9.8
0.3
45-64 years
3.5
12.6
0.3
65 years and over
2.1
5.8
0.4
All ages
2.5
7.5
0.3

Source: CDC, 2016. Health United States, 2015. Table 30.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus15.pdf [PDF | 13.03MB]

ADOLESCENTS

 

Age-Adjusted Death Rates for Suicide: Ages 15 - 19, 2014

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic /Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Male
9.2
16.6
0.6
Female
2.4
4.8
0.5
Total
5.7
10.9
0.5

Source: CDC, 2016. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) [Accessed 06/20/2016]
http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html

 

Suicidal ideation among students in grades 9–12, 2015
Percent of students who seriously considered suicide


 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Male
12.4
11.5
1.1
Female
25.6
22.8
1.1
Total
18.8
17.2
1.1

Source: CDC 2016. High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data.
Available at http://nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline. [Accessed 06/20/2016]

 

Suicide attempts among students in grades 9–12, 2015
Percent of students who attempted suicide


 
Hispanic
White
Hispanic/White Ratio
Male
7.6
3.7
2.1
Female
15.1
9.8
1.5
Total
11.3
6.8
1.7

Source: CDC, 2016. High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. [Accessed 06/20/2016]
http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline

 

ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE

Percent of Adults age 18 and over who received mental health treatment or counseling in the past year, 2008

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Male
5.2
10.8
0.5
Female
8.4
20.8
0.4
Total
6.8
16.0
0.4

Source: 2010 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 17_3_1.2b
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr10/index.html

 

Percent of Adults age 18 and over who received prescription medications for mental health treatment or counseling, 2008

 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Male
4.0
9.1
0.4
Female
6.5
18.3
0.4
Total
5.2
13.9
0.4

Source: 2010 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 17_3_3.2b
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr10/index.html

 

Adults age 18 and over with past year major depressive episode who received treatment for the depression, 2012

Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
55.6
72.0
0.8

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_7_1_1_1.1. [Accessed 06/20/2016]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Last Modified: 7/20/2016 2:00:00 PM