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Diabetes and American Indians/Alaska Natives

American Indians/Alaska Natives are more than twice as likely to be told by a physician that they have diabetes as their non-Hispanic white counterparts. They also are almost twice as likely to die from diabetes as non-Hispanic whites. Data is limited for this population.

  • American Indian/Alaska Native adults are 2.5 times as likely as white adults to be diagnosed with diabetes.
  • American Indians/Alaska Native women were 2.3 times more likely than non-Hispanic whites to die from diabetes in 2010.
  • In 2010, American Indians/Native Americans were 2.7 times more likely to be diagnosed with end stage renal disease than non-Hispanic whites.

At a glance – Diagnosed Cases of Diabetes:

National Health Interview Survey, NHIS

Age-adjusted percentages of persons 18 years of age and over with diabetes, 2004-2008

 

American
Indian/Alaska
Native

White

American
Indian/Alaska
Native/ White
Ratio

Men and Women

17.5

6.6

2.7

Men

18.2

7.2

2.5

Women

16.2

6.2

2.6

Source: CDC 2010. Health Characteristics of the American Indian and Alaska Native Adult Population: United States, 2004-2008. Table 4.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhsr/nhsr020.pdf [PDF |304KB]

Age-Adjusted Percentage of persons 18 years of age and over with diabetes, 2012 (National Health Interview survey, NHIS)

American Indian/Native American

Non-Hispanic White

American Indian/Native American/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

17.9

7.3

2.5

Source: CDC 2014. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2012. Table 8.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_260.pdf [PDF | 3.49MB]

At a glance – Prevalence Rate:

National Diabetes Surveillance System
Data not available at this time.

At a glance – Death Rate:

Age-Adjusted Diabetes Death Rates per 100,000 (2013)

 

American Indian/Native American

Non-Hispanic White

African Americans/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Male

37.9

23.1

1.6

Female

30.9

14.9

2.1

Total

34.1

18.6

1.8

Source: CDC, 2014. National Vital Statistic Report. Vol. 64, Num 2 Table 17 and Table 16.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_02.pdf [PDF | 1.68MB]

At a Glance – Risk Factors:

There are severak risk factors related to diabetes. Some of these risk factors are:

Obesity and Overweight – See Obesity and American Indians/Native Americans

Hypertension – See Heart Disease and American Indians/Native Americans

High Cholesterol – See Heart Disease and American Indians/Native Americans

Cigarette Smoking – See Heart Disease and American Indians/Native Americans

 

At a Glance – Treatment:

Age-Adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over with diabetes who had a foot examination, 2010

American Indian/Alaska Native

Non-Hispanic White

American Indian/Alaska Native/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

64.3

68.0

0.9

Source:  CDC, 2013. Healthy People 2020 Database. Table D-9.
http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/Data/default.aspx

Age-Adjusted end stage renal disease (ESRD) due to diabetes, 2010 (rate per million)

American Indian/Native American

Non-Hispanic White

American Indian/Native American / Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

317.5

119.4

2.7

Source:  National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_3_6_1.1 [Accessed 05/11/2015]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

 

Last Modified: 6/15/2015 2:37:00 PM