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HIV/AIDS and African Americans

Although African Americans represent 13% of the U.S. population, they account for 43% of HIV infection cases in 2014.

  • African American males have 8 times the AIDS rate as white males.
  • African American females have 22 times the AIDS rate as white females.
  • African American men are almost 7 times as likely to die from HIV/AIDS as non-Hispanic white men.
  • African American women are 14 times as likely to die from HIV/AIDS as non-Hispanic white women.
  • In 2014, African Americans were 8.1 times more likely to be diagnosed with HIV infection, as compared to the white population.

 

At a glance – HIV Cases and Rates (Adults)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2014

 
# Cases
Rate
African American/
White Ratio
African American males
14,305
94.0
7.5
White males
10,513
12.6
 
 
African American females
5,128
30.0
17.6
White females
1,483
1.7
 
 
African American (total, all ages)
19,540
49.4
8.1
White (total, all ages)
12,025
6.1
 

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 3a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases and Rates (Children <13 years)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2014

 
# Cases
Rate
African American
108
1.5
White
28
0.1
Total Population
174
0.3

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 5a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases (Adults and Children)

Estimated number of cases of HIV infection by year of diagnosis, 2014

 
#Cases
% of total cases
African American
19,540
44%
White
12,205
27%
Total Population
44,073
 

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 1a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

Estimated number of persons living with HIV infection by year, 2013

 
#Cases
% of total cases
African American
398,645
43%
White
297,289
32%
Total Population
933,941
 

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 15a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases and Rates (Adults)

Estimated number of cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2014

 
# Cases
Rate
African American/
White Ratio
African American males
6,649
43.7
8.1
White males
4,489
5.4
 
 
African American females
3,334
19.5
21.7
White females
808
0.9
 
 
African American (both sexes)
10,045
25.4
9.4
White (both sexes)
5,303
2.7
 

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 4a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases and Rates (Children <13 years)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2014

 
Commulative # Cases
# Cases
Rate
African American
5,691
62
0.9
White
1,556
6
0.0
Total Population
9,561
104
0.2

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26 Table 6a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases (Adults and Children)

Estimated number of cases of AIDS by year of diagnosis, 2014

 
Cumulative # cases
# Cases
% of total cases
African American
504,354
10,045
48%
White
439,455
5,303
25%
Total Population
1,210,835
20,896
 

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 2a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

At a glance – Death Rate

HIV Death Rates per 100,000 population (2013)

 
African Americans
Non-Hispanic White
African American/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
All ages, Men
12.7
1.9
6.7
All ages, Women
5.7
0.4
14.3
 
Age 25-44, Men
11.7
1.9
6.2
Age 25-44, Women
6.7
0.5
13.4
 
Age 45-64, Men
30.8
4.8
6.4
Age 45-64, Women
12.6
1.0
12.6

Source: CDC 2015. Health, United States 2014. Table 29.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/2014/029.pdf [PDF | 124.64KB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Deaths

Estimated number of deaths, and death rates, of persons with AIDS by year of death, 2013

 
Rate
Cumulative # Deaths
# Deaths
% of total cases
African Americans
15.3
277,059
5,987
46%
White
2.0
274,206
3,897
30%
Total Population
4.1
673,538
12,963
 

Source: CDC 2015. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2014, v.26. Table 12a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/library/reports/surveillance/cdc-hiv-surveillance-report-us.pdf [PDF | 5.00MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Testing

Age-adjusted percent of HIV testing status among persons 18 years of age and over, 2014

 
Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic Black/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Ever tested
56.1
35.0
1.6
Never tested
43.9
65.0
0.7

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2014. Table A-20a.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/SHS/tables.htm

Last Modified: 3/17/2016 10:42:00 AM