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Profile: Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders

Map depicting State Health Departments with most Native Hawaiian Pacific Islander residents Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in Hawaii Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in Hawaii Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in Utah Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in Washington Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in New York Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in Florida Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in Texas Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in California Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in Nevada Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in Oregon

(Map of the US with the states that have significant
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander populations according to the Census Bureau)

HI - UT - WA - FL - TX - CA - NV - OR

Overview (Demographics)

This racial group refers to people having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa or other Pacific Islands. According to the 2012 U.S. Census Bureau estimate, there are roughly 1.2 million Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders alone or in combination with one of more races who reside within the United States. This group represents about 0.5 percent of the U.S. population. Out of that number, about 363,000 Native Hawaiians or Pacific Islanders reside in Hawaii. Some other states that have a significant Native Hawaiian/Pacific islander population are: California, Oregon, Washington, Texas, Nevada, Florida, and Utah. It is also significant to note that 34 percent of this group is under the age of 18.

Most recent data from the 2010 Census show overall populations for the following U.S. Territories: American Samoa 55,519; Guam 159,358; Northern Mariana Islands 53,883. United Nations estimates for other territories in 2010 are: Federated States of Micronesia 111,000; Marshall Islands 54,000; Republic of Palau 20,000.

Educational Attainment

In 2012, 87.4 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, alone or in combination, have high school diplomas or higher, as compared to 91.5 percent for Whites. 20.7 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders have a bachelor's degree or higher in comparison to 32.5 percent of Whites. 6 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders have obtained graduate degrees in comparison to 12 percent of Whites. 32 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders speak a language other than English at home.

Economics

According to the 2012 Census Bureau, the average Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander hosuehold median income was $52,865 in comparison to $56,565 for non-Hispanic White households. In 2012, the U.S. Census bureau reported that 19 percent of Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders, in comparison to 11 percent of non-Hispanic Whites were living at the poverty level.

Insurance Coverage

In 2012, 62.2 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in comparison to 74.4 non-Hispanic Whites used private health insurance. Also in 2012, 30.5 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in comparison to 29.3 percent of non-Hispanic Whites relied on public health insurance. Finally, 14.1 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, in comparison to 10.4 percent of non-Hispanic Whites, were uninsured.

Full Census Reports

The Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Population: 2010 [PDF 4.83MB]
The American Community Survey - Pacific Islanders: 2004 [PDF | 3.5MB]
Census Bureau, 2013. Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2012 [PDF | 1.1MB]

Other Resources

United Nations Population Information Network Exit Disclaimer
U.S. Territories Summary Statistics and Estimates Exit Disclaimer
U.S. Territories Contacts
U.S. Territories - Offices of Health or Minority Health

HHS Region IX Office of Minority Health

Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, U.S. Associated Pacific Basin: American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Mariana Islands, Guam, Federated States of Micronesia, Republic of the Marshall Islands, and Republic of Palau

Health

It is significant to note that in comparison to other ethnic groups, Native Hawaiians/ Pacific Islanders have higher rates of smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity. This group also has little access to cancer prevention and control programs. Some leading causes of death among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders include: cancer, heart disease, unintentional injuries (accidents), stroke and diabetes. Some other health conditions and risk factors that are prevalent among Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders are hepatitis B, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis.

Other Health Concerns

It is significant to note that in comparison to other ethnic groups, Native Hawaiians/ Pacific Islanders have higher rates of smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity. This group also has little access to cancer prevention and control programs. Some leading causes of death among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders include: cancer, heart disease, unintentional injuries (accidents), stroke and diabetes. Some other health conditions and risk factors that are prevalent among Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders are hepatitis B, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis.

Other Health Concerns:From the most part recent national data, the infant mortality rate (deaths per 1,000 live births) for Native Hawaiians in 2002 was 9.6, higher than the rate for all Asian-American/Pacific Islander groups combined (4.8) and for all population (7.0).The tuberculosis rate (cases per 100,000) in 2012 was 15 times higher for Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders, with a case rate of 12.3, as compared to 0.8 for the White population.

Selected Data

Last Modified: 1/15/2015 2:20:00 PM