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(Map of the US with the top 10 states displaying the largest Asian American population according to the Census Bureau)
The percentage of persons 5 years or older who "do not speak English very well" varies among Asian American groups: 52 percent of Vietnamese, 46 percent of Chinese, 22 percent of Filipinos and 21 percent of Asian Indians are not fluent in English. In 2012, 76.5 percent of Asian American spoke a language other than English at home.
Educational Attainment: According to the 2012 U.S. Census data, roughly 85.7 percent of both all Asians and all people in the United States 25 and older had at least a high school diploma. However, 50.5 percent of Asian Americans in comparison to 32.5 percent of the total non-Hispanic White population had earned at least a bachelor's degree. Among Asian subgroups, Taiwanese had the highest percentage of bachelor's degree attainment at 77 percent. In regards to employment, about 49 percent of Asian Americans were employed in management, professional and related occupations, compared with 40 percent of the white population. In addition, the proportions employed in high-skilled and managerial sectors varied from 21 percent for Laotians to 68 percent for Asian Indians.
Economics: According to 2012 Census data, the median household income of Asian Americans is $70,644, or $14,059 higher than the national median income for non-Hispanic Whites. Yet 13 percent of Asian Americans as compared to 11 percent of non-Hispanic Whites, live at the poverty level. Economic status varies widely among Asian populations in the United States, with the poverty rate for Asian Indians at 8 percent, as compared to 27 percent for the Hmong in 2012.
Insurance Coverage: In 2012, insurance coverage among Asian American subgroups varied. Private insurance coverage rates: 57 percent for Vietnamese, 76 percent for Filipino, 69 percent for Chinese, 47 percent for Hmong, and 69 percent for all Asian groups. Public insurance coverage rates : 28 percent for Vietnamese, 20 percent for Filipino, 22 percent for Chinese, 42 percent for Hmong, and 22 percent for all Asian groups. Asian subgroups also varied within uninsured status: 20 percent for Vietnamese, 12 percent for Filipino, 14 percent for Chinese and 15 percent for all Asian groups.
In 2012, the overall private insurance coverage for Asian Americans was 68.8 percent, as compared to 74.4 percent for the non-Hispanic White population. 15 percent of Asian Americans were uninsured, as compared to 10.4 percent non-Hispanic White Americans.
Full Census Reports:
The Asian Population: 2010 [PDF | 6.4MB]
The American Community Survey - Asians: 2004 [PDF | 1.1MB]
Language Use in the United States: 2011 [PDF | 1.4MB]
Census Bureau, 2013. Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2012 [PDF | 1.1MB]
Health: It is significant to note that Asian American women have the highest life expectancy (85.8 years) of any other ethnic group in the U.S. Life expectancy varies among Asian subgroups: Filipino (81.5 years), Japanese (84.5 years), and Chinese women (86.1 years)1. However, Asian Americans contend with numerous factors which may threaten their health. Some negative factors are infrequent medical visits due to the fear of deportation, language/cultural barriers, and the lack of health insurance. Asian Americans are most at risk for the following health conditions: cancer, heart disease, stroke, unintentional injuries (accidents), and diabetes. Asian Americans also have a high prevalence of the following conditions and risk factors: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hepatitis B, HIV/AIDS, smoking, tuberculosis, and liver disease.
Other Health Concerns: In 2012, tuberculosis was 24 times more common among Asians, with a case rate of 18.9 as compared to 0.8 for the non-Hispanic White population.
1 NIH, Office of Women's Health 2006. Women of Color Health Data Book: Adolescents to Seniors, page 65.
http://orwh.od.nih.gov/pubs/WomenofColor2006.pdf [PDF | 9.2MB]