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(Map of the US with the top 10 states displaying the largest African American population according to the Census Bureau)
In 2012, as compared to Non-Hispanic Whites 25 years and over, a lower percentage of Non-Hispanic Blacks had earned at least a high school diploma (83 percent and 92 percent, respectively). More Black women than Black men had earned at least a bachelor's degree (20.7 percent compared with 16.4 percent), while among non-Hispanic Whites, a higher proportion of men than women had earned at least a bachelor's degree (33 percent and 32 percent, respectively).
According to a 2012 Census Bureau report, the average African-American household median income was $33,762 in comparison to $56,565 for non-Hispanic White households. In 2012, the U.S. Census bureau reported that 28.1 percent of African-Americans in comparison to 11.0 percent of non-Hispanic Whites were living at the poverty level. For 2012, the unemployment rate for Blacks was twice that for non-Hispanic Whites (10.3 percent and 4.8 percent, respectively). This finding was consistent for both men and women.
In 2012, 50.4 percent of African-Americans in comparison to 74.4 percent of non-Hispanic Whites used private health insurance. Also in 2012, 40.6 percent of African-Americans in comparison to 29.3 percent of non-Hispanic Whites relied on Medicaid, public health insurance. Finally, 17.2 percent of African-Americans in comparison to 10.4 percent of non-Hispanic whites were uninsured.
Full Census Reports:
The Black Population: 2010 [PDF | 2.9MB]
The American Community Survey - Blacks: 2004 [PDF | 915KB]
Census Bureau, 2013. Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2012 [PDF | 1.1MB]
The death rate for African Americans was generally higher than Whites for heart diseases, stroke, cancer, asthma, influenza and pneumonia, diabetes, HIV/AIDS, and homicide.