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Trends in U.S. Public Awareness of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities (1999-2010) This study provides a comprehensive analysis of awareness among the U.S. public of health disparities that place a disproportionate burden of preventable disease and premature death on racial and ethnic minorities as compared to the rest of the U.S. population.
Jennifer K. Benz, Oscar J. Espinosa, Valerie A. Welsh, Angela Fontes, Awareness of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities Has Improved Only Modestly Over a Decade, Health Affairs, October 2011, 30:10 (2011), pp. 1860-1867, at http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/30/10/1860. Includes web supplements (General Population Questionnaire; Creating an Awareness Index). Study Brief [PDF | 112KB] 2010 General Population [PDF | 257KB]
Using a Modified Kalman Filter to Improve Disparity Estimates for Small Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups and Other Hard-to-Reach Populations The purpose of this project was to identify, analyze, test, and present other methodological options that could fill persistent data gaps for small racial and ethnic minority and other hard-to-reach populations in order to more effectively address health disparities impacting these groups. The project began with a systematic review, interpretation, and synthesis of the research literature on population-based surveys to identify and evaluate the extent to which methods of data collection/analysis have been successfully used to collect/analyze data on racial and ethnic minority populations. Based on the findings of the literature review, a cost-effective and statistically reliable approach to deriving estimates of prevalence of various health behaviors, risk factors, and outcomes in small racial and ethnic and other hard-to-reach groups was identified and developed, followed by validation of the proposed approach and identification of its limitations and the conditions under which it is best used. The study resulted in the modification of an existing statistical tool (the Kalman Filter) and the development of the Modified Kalman Filter (MKF), a new statistical tool that uses national data to pool estimates over time to make valid inferences about small populations. The project included the development of software and a step-by-step manual to facilitate use of the MKF by analysts and improved accuracy of health measures and outcomes for small racial and ethnic minority and other hard-to-reach population groups.
RAND Corporation: The Modified Kalman Filter Macro: User's Guide http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR997.html
Health Services Research Publication: Improving Disparity Estimates for Rare Racial/Ethnic Groups with Trend Estimation and Kalman Filtering: An Application to the National Health Interview Survey http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2754551/ http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-6773.2009.01000.x/pdf
Statistics in Medicine Publication: Smoothing Across Time in Repeated Cross-Sectional Data http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/sim.3897/pdf
National Consensus Panel on Emergency Preparedness for Racially and Ethnically Diverse Communities The report looks at the goals and objectives of the National Consensus Panel on Emergency Preparedness and Cultural Diversity, a board of representatives that tackle the goal of developing effective strategies to advance emergency preparedness and eliminate racial and ethnic disparities during emergencies.
Report - National Consensus Panel on Emergency Preparedness for Racially and Ethnically Diverse Communities [PDF | 345KB]
National Consensus Statement - Spanish Version [PDF | 195KB]
Evaluation of the Cultural Competency Curriculum Modules The purpose of this two-year evaluation was to determine the impact of the CCCMs on physicians' knowledge, attitudes, and skills in the provision of culturally competent care. Curriculum modules (available at no cost)
Assessment of State Minority Health Infrastructure and Capacity to Address Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities
A Community Approach to Address Health Disparities: THRIVE (Toolkit for Health & Resilience In Vulnerable Environments) The purpose of this project was to develop a community asset evaluation tool to assist communities in advancing resiliency factors in support of Healthy People 2010 and its goal of eliminating health disparities.
Final reports on policy-relevant studies and evaluations sponsored by HHS, including those available on this website and others funded by OMH, are generally available through the HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)'s Evaluation Database. This searchable database is available here